Jointly Adversarial Enhancement Training for Robust End-to-End Speech Recognition

Bin Liu, Shuai Nie, Shan Liang, Wenju Liu, Meng Yu, Lianwu Chen, Shouye Peng, Changliang Li

Recently, the end-to-end system has made significant breakthroughs in the field of speech recognition. However, this single end-to-end architecture is not especially robust to the input variations interfered of noises and reverberations, resulting in performance degradation dramatically in reality. To alleviate this issue, the mainstream approach is to use a well-designed speech enhancement module as the front-end of ASR. However, enhancement modules would result in speech distortions and mismatches to training, which sometimes degrades the ASR performance. In this paper, we propose a jointly adversarial enhancement training to boost robustness of end-to-end systems. Specifically, we use a jointly compositional scheme of mask-based enhancement network, attention-based encoder-decoder network and discriminant network during training. The discriminator is used to distinguish between the enhanced features from enhancement network and clean features, which could guide enhancement network to output towards the realistic distribution. With the joint optimization of the recognition, enhancement and adversarial loss, the compositional scheme is expected to learn more robust representations for the recognition task automatically. Systematic experiments on AISHELL-1 show that the proposed method improves the noise robustness of end-to-end systems and achieves the relative error rate reduction of 4.6% over the multi-condition training.

 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1242

Cite as: Liu, B., Nie, S., Liang, S., Liu, W., Yu, M., Chen, L., Peng, S., Li, C. (2019) Jointly Adversarial Enhancement Training for Robust End-to-End Speech Recognition. Proc. Interspeech 2019, 491-495, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1242.

  author={Bin Liu and Shuai Nie and Shan Liang and Wenju Liu and Meng Yu and Lianwu Chen and Shouye Peng and Changliang Li},
  title={{Jointly Adversarial Enhancement Training for Robust End-to-End Speech Recognition}},
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2019},