Transfer Learning of the Expressivity Using FLOW Metric Learning in Multispeaker Text-to-Speech Synthesis

Ajinkya Kulkarni, Vincent Colotte, Denis Jouvet


In this paper, we present a novel flow metric learning architecture in a parametric multispeaker expressive text-to-speech (TTS) system. We proposed inverse autoregressive flow (IAF) as a way to perform the variational inference, thus providing flexible approximate posterior distribution. The proposed approach condition the text-to-speech system on speaker embeddings so that latent space represents the emotion as semantic characteristics. For representing the speaker, we extracted speaker embeddings from the x-vector based speaker recognition model trained on speech data from many speakers. To predict the vocoder features, we used the acoustic model conditioned on the textual features as well as on the speaker embedding. We transferred the expressivity by using the mean of the latent variables for each emotion to generate expressive speech in different speaker’s voices for which no expressive speech data is available.

We compared the results obtained using flow-based variational inference with variational autoencoder as a baseline model. The performance measured by mean opinion score (MOS), speaker MOS, and expressive MOS shows that N-pair loss based deep metric learning along with IAF model improves the transfer of expressivity in the desired speaker’s voice in synthesized speech.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1297

Cite as: Kulkarni, A., Colotte, V., Jouvet, D. (2020) Transfer Learning of the Expressivity Using FLOW Metric Learning in Multispeaker Text-to-Speech Synthesis. Proc. Interspeech 2020, 4397-4401, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1297.


@inproceedings{Kulkarni2020,
  author={Ajinkya Kulkarni and Vincent Colotte and Denis Jouvet},
  title={{Transfer Learning of the Expressivity Using FLOW Metric Learning in Multispeaker Text-to-Speech Synthesis}},
  year=2020,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2020},
  pages={4397--4401},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1297},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1297}
}