Congruent Audiovisual Speech Enhances Cortical Envelope Tracking During Auditory Selective Attention

Zhen Fu, Jing Chen


Listeners usually have the ability to selectively attend to the target speech while ignoring competing sounds. The mechanism that top-down attention modulates the cortical envelope tracking to speech was proposed to account for this ability. Additional visual input, such as lipreading was considered beneficial for speech perception, especially in noise. However, the effect of audiovisual (AV) congruency on the dynamic properties of cortical envelope tracking activities was not discussed explicitly. And the involvement of cortical regions processing AV speech was unclear. To solve these issues, electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded while participants attending to one talker from a mixture for several AV conditions (audio-only, congruent and incongruent). Approaches of temporal response functions (TRFs) and inter-trial phase coherence (ITPC) analysis were utilized to index the cortical envelope tracking for each condition. Comparing with the audio-only condition, both indices were enhanced only for the congruent AV condition, and the enhancement was prominent over both the auditory and visual cortex. In addition, timings of different cortical regions involved in cortical envelope tracking activities were subject to stimulus modality. The present work provides new insight into the neural mechanisms of auditory selective attention when visual input is available.


 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1957

Cite as: Fu, Z., Chen, J. (2020) Congruent Audiovisual Speech Enhances Cortical Envelope Tracking During Auditory Selective Attention. Proc. Interspeech 2020, 116-120, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1957.


@inproceedings{Fu2020,
  author={Zhen Fu and Jing Chen},
  title={{Congruent Audiovisual Speech Enhances Cortical Envelope Tracking During Auditory Selective Attention}},
  year=2020,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2020},
  pages={116--120},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1957},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2020-1957}
}