Factor Analysis of Gazing Activities in Native and Second Language Conversations

Ichiro Umata, Koki Ijuin, Seiichi Yamamoto


Tendencies of gazing activities during utterances and silence were analyzed in a face-to-face three party conversation setting in a native language (L1) and in a second language (L2). The function of each utterance was categorized according to the Grounding Acts defined by Traum (Traum, 1994) so that gazes during utterances could be analyzed from the viewpoint of grounding in communication (Clark, 1996). Factor analysis showed most gazing activities were influenced by the language difference: the effect of language difference was more salient than that of the functions of utterances. Only listener’s gazes during acknowledgement utterances were affected by a common factor in both L1 and L2 conversations. Correlation analysis of the factor scores and the questionnaire scores toward the partners showed the amount of listener’s gazes strongly affected the speaker’s impression toward the partner only in L2 conversations.


Cite as: Umata, I., Ijuin, K., Yamamoto, S. (2017) Factor Analysis of Gazing Activities in Native and Second Language Conversations. Proc. SEMDIAL 2017 (SaarDial) Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, 170-171.


@inproceedings{Umata2017,
  author={Ichiro Umata and Koki Ijuin and Seiichi Yamamoto},
  title={Factor Analysis of Gazing Activities in Native and Second Language Conversations},
  year=2017,
  booktitle={Proc. SEMDIAL 2017 (SaarDial) Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue},
  pages={170--171}
}