Typology of English Monophthongs by EFL Learners from Wu Dialectal Region- A Case Study of Ningbo and Shanghai

Yuan Jia, Yu Wang


The present paper investigates acoustic features of English vowels by EFL learners (English as a Foreign Language) from Ningbo (NB) and Shanghai (SH) dialectal regions, both of which belong to the Wu dialect. Eleven English monophones, i.e., /i/, /u/, /a/ etc. are selected as target samples and their corresponding F1&F2 formants are employed as parameters to approach the research aim. Through the acoustic results, we focuse on exploring the degree of phonetic transfer of dialects (L1) onto English (L2). The Speech Learning Model (SLM) is further adopted to examine the differences caused by the dialectal accent. Results show that, with regard to the tongue position of vowels, EFL learners from these two dialectal regions and American (AM) native speakers do show a great divergence. Specifically, /i/ is affected by NB and SH dialects, which can be explained by SLM. On the other hand, /u/ and /ɑ/ produced by SH learners is similar to that of American speakers. Besides, NB and SH learners produce shorter vowels in duration, due to dialects’ transfer effect, but can still make tense-lax contrasts in /i/-/ɪ/, /ε/-/æ/.


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-170

Cite as: Jia, Y., Wang, Y. (2018) Typology of English Monophthongs by EFL Learners from Wu Dialectal Region- A Case Study of Ningbo and Shanghai. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 843-847, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-170.


@inproceedings{Jia2018,
  author={Yuan Jia and Yu Wang},
  title={Typology of English Monophthongs by EFL Learners from Wu Dialectal Region- A Case Study of Ningbo and Shanghai},
  year=2018,
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},
  pages={843--847},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-170},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-170}
}