Prominence Effects on Hungarian Vowels: A Pilot Study

Alexandra Markó, Márton Bartók, Tekla Etelka Gráczi, Andrea Deme, Tamás Gábor Csapó

In the present study three members of the Hungarian vowel inventory (/i/, /u/, /ɒ/) were analysed as a function of prominence, with respect to gender and vowel quality. The theoretically most prominent (stressed and accented) and non-prominent (unstressed and unaccented) realizations were compared in terms of duration, f0, formants, and OQ. The last two of these parameters were analysed systematically for the first time to the study of Hungarian. On duration, there was a significant interaction between the effect of prominence and vowel quality: prominence led to longer duration for the vowels /ɒ/ and /i/, but had no significant effect on /u/. On f0, we found a three-way interaction effect between prominence, vowel quality and gender, due to different patterns observed in males and females in the case of the vowel /i/. Formant analysis based on Euclidean distance from the vowel space centroid did not reveal any significant effect of prominence. The comparison of F1 and F2 values showed considerable differences between the prominence conditions in the case of the second formant of /ɒ/. For OQ, we found different patterns for genders and vowels: prominence led to higher OQ values for women and lower OQ values for men. These between-gender differences were the most pronounced for the vowel /ɒ/.

 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-175

Cite as: Markó, A., Bartók, M., Gráczi, T.E., Deme, A., Csapó, T.G. (2018) Prominence Effects on Hungarian Vowels: A Pilot Study. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 868-872, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-175.

  author={Alexandra Markó and Márton Bartók and Tekla Etelka Gráczi and Andrea Deme and Tamás Gábor Csapó},
  title={Prominence Effects on Hungarian Vowels: A Pilot Study},
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},