The Three-Way Distinction of Consonant Duration in Estonian

Helen Türk


This study focuses on the phonetic realization of the Estonian intervocalic short and geminate consonants as a function of place and manner of articulation. Disyllabic utterance-medial words were collected from spontaneous dialogues between acquainted interlocutors from the Phonetic Corpus of Estonian Spontaneous Speech. Intervocalic consonants analyzed included /k, p, t, s, l, m, n/ while the vocalic context varied. The results show that intrinsically longer bilabials, /p/ and /m/ are generally longer in duration than other consonants while alveolars /t/ and /l/ are the shortest. The difference between three quantity degrees is shown for most of the consonants, but the durations of Q2 and Q3 are closer to each other in the case of /n/. The results imply that in continuous speech flow where coarticulatory effects occur, consonants undergo some reduction but the intrinsic properties deemed by the place and manner of articulation are still preserved.


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-133

Cite as: Türk, H. (2018) The Three-Way Distinction of Consonant Duration in Estonian. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 656-660, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-133.


@inproceedings{Türk2018,
  author={Helen Türk},
  title={The Three-Way Distinction of Consonant Duration in Estonian},
  year=2018,
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},
  pages={656--660},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-133},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-133}
}