L1 Influence and Task effects in the realization of sentence types by Inuktitut-English sequential bilinguals

Laura Colantoni, Alana Johns, Gaby Klassen, Matthew Patience, Malina Radu, Olga Tararova


This paper explores the role of cross-linguistic influence and task type in the realization of pitch accents and nuclear contours across English sentence types (statements, absolute questions and declarative questions) by sequential Inuktitut-English bilinguals. In Inuktitut, intonation is restricted to phrasing; i.e., boundary tones are mapped to finality vs. continuity in turn-taking [1,2]). Questions are morphologically marked [3], and while a rising intonation may also be used, it is not always present. In contrast, English absolute questions are syntactically marked, whereas the difference between statements and declarative questions is purely prosodic. Participants performed two tasks: a delayed repetition task, and a contextualized production task. Results revealed that bilinguals differed from controls in the type and phonetic realization of the first pitch accent (but not the nuclear contour), displaying a reduced use of pitch. In the semi-spontaneous task, bilinguals differed from controls in the number of non-target-like realizations, particularly in contexts that prompted declarative questions. We argue that these findings demonstrate clear patterns of prosodic and morpho-syntactic cross-linguistic influence, as well as the importance of incorporating contextual information as a variable [4].


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-188

Cite as: Colantoni, L., Johns, A., Klassen, G., Patience, M., Radu, M., Tararova, O. (2018) L1 Influence and Task effects in the realization of sentence types by Inuktitut-English sequential bilinguals. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 932-936, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-188.


@inproceedings{Colantoni2018,
  author={Laura Colantoni and Alana Johns and Gaby Klassen and Matthew Patience and Malina Radu and Olga Tararova},
  title={L1 Influence and Task effects in the realization of sentence types by Inuktitut-English sequential bilinguals},
  year=2018,
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},
  pages={932--936},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-188},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-188}
}