The kinematic profile of prominence in Greek

Argyro Katsika

Articulatory gestures become longer, larger and faster under prominence. However, it is unclear whether these effects are related to lexical stress, pitch accent or contrastive focus, and whether they hold regardless of stress position and word position. The current study examines the articulatory correlates of stress and pitch accent separately as a factor of stress position in the word and word position in the phrase. The language used is Greek. Kinematic data were collected by the means of Electromagnetic Articulography. Data from five speakers were analyzed. The test words were three neologisms that had the same segments but different stress position. The stimuli sentences were controlled for the accentual status of the test word (non-contrastively accented or unaccented) and its position in the phrase (medial or final). The gestures of stressed syllables in Greek were longer, larger and faster, regardless of whether they were accented or not. Unstressed word-medial and word-final syllables underwent strong spillover effects when the preceding syllable was stressed. Phrase-final gestures presented finer, albeit unsystematic, distinctions among prominence categories. These results support the account of hyperarticulation, and suggest that in Greek it is pitch accent that distinguishes lexical stress from non-contrastive accentuation. A task-dynamics account is discussed.

 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-155

Cite as: Katsika, A. (2018) The kinematic profile of prominence in Greek. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 764-768, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-155.

  author={Argyro Katsika},
  title={The kinematic profile of prominence in Greek},
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},