The acoustic basis of lexical stress perception

Anders Eriksson, Antti Suni, Martti Vainio, Juraj Šimko

The present study is the first in a series of studies exploring the perception of lexical stress in a number of languages. As stimuli, key words extracted from recordings in Brazilian Portuguese, English, Estonian, French, Italian and Swedish are used. The data represent male and female speakers in all languages and three different speaking styles – spontaneous speech, phrase reading, and wordlist reading. The ultimate goal of the perception studies is to explore the perception of prominence as a function of the acoustic properties of the stimuli and the native language of the listeners. In this paper we compare the prominence scores assigned to syllables by 42 native Swedish speakers with two automatic methods: acoustic feature analysis using acoustic properties of syllables and continuous wavelet transform. Both methods use duration, F0 and spectral emphasis characteristics of speech signal or a subset thereof. Our results demonstrate a strong language dependency of the way acoustic characteristics correlate with prominence. Correlations between prominence scores and phonological word stress patterns show that the human raters resolve this language-dependency better than the automatic signal-based methods. Also, the signal feature combinations for which the raters’ judgements correlate best with the automatically assigned prominence scores depend on stimulus language to a larger extent that on the signal-based method used.

 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-14

Cite as: Eriksson, A., Suni, A., Vainio, M., Šimko, J. (2018) The acoustic basis of lexical stress perception. Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018, 70-74, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-14.

  author={Anders Eriksson and Antti Suni and Martti Vainio and Juraj Šimko},
  title={The acoustic basis of lexical stress perception},
  booktitle={Proc. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018},