Construction-based tone patterns in Choguita Raramuri and Cilungu

Gabriella Caballero, Sharon Rose


Through examination of the inflectional tone marking properties of Choguita RarĂ¡muri (Tarahumara), a Uto-Aztecan language spoken in Northern Mexico, this paper assesses the benefits of a construction-morphology approach, compared to an autosegmental morphemic tone approach. Choguita RarĂ¡muri is a prosodically complex language with both stress-accent and a three-way lexical tonal contrast (with H, L and HL tones). Tone distribution is dependent on stress-accent, which is in turn morphologically governed. As a result, many tonal patterns in this language are predictable based on the lexical tone properties of roots and affixes and the distribution of stress. In addition, tone also serves a morphological role in the language, via patterns of grammatical tone, morphologically conditioned tonal effects and paradigmatic distribution of tonal melodies, all of which may trigger overwriting of lexical tones. Based on data obtained through field research, this paper shows that a construction-based analysis captures several properties of inflectional tone in this system, including: (i) arbitrary relationship between tone patterns of related forms, (ii) heterogeneous nature of morphosyntactic classes expressed by tone melodies, and (iii) overwriting/avoidance of lexical tone by grammatical tone.


 DOI: 10.21437/TAL.2018-9

Cite as: Caballero, G., Rose, S. (2018) Construction-based tone patterns in Choguita Raramuri and Cilungu. Proc. TAL2018, Sixth International Symposium on Tonal Aspects of Languages, 41-45, DOI: 10.21437/TAL.2018-9.


@inproceedings{Caballero2018,
  author={ Gabriella Caballero and Sharon Rose},
  title={ Construction-based tone patterns in Choguita Raramuri and Cilungu},
  year=2018,
  booktitle={Proc. TAL2018, Sixth International Symposium on Tonal Aspects of Languages},
  pages={41--45},
  doi={10.21437/TAL.2018-9},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/TAL.2018-9}
}