European Conference on Speech Technology
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Bibliographic Reference Author Index Table of Contents
Please note that the pages were renumbered with respect to the printed proceedings. The printed proceedings appeared in two volumes with separate page numberings. These numberings were converted in this archive. So, page 1043 means volume 1, page 43, and page 2423 means volume 2, page 423.
The PDF files of this conference were scanned from printed proceedings and processed via OCR. Full-text search is available. There may be occasional errors.
[ECST-1987] European Conference on Speech Technology<, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, September 1987; ISCA Archive, http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/ecst_1987
Names written in boldface refer to first authors, in CAPITAL letters to keynote and invited papers. Full papers can be accessed from the abstracts (ISCA members only). Please note that each abstract opens in a separate window.
A B C DE FG H IJ K L M N OP QR S TU V-Z
Acoustic Analysis Aids for the Deaf Applications
Codecs Coding Approaches Continuous Speech Systems
Evaluation: Recognition Evaluation: Synthesis
Formant Analysis and Tracking Hidden Markov Models Human Factors
Industrial Applications Knowledge-Based Systems
Language Processing Systems Large Vocabulary Systems
Linguistic Processing Medical Applications Morphology and Phonology
Phoneme-Grapheme Conversion Phonetic Decoding Phonetic Processing
Pitch Tracking Prosodic Analysis Prosody
Signal Processing Speaker Adaptation Speaker Verification
Speech Analysis Speech Coding Speech Enhancement
Speech Modelling Speech Production Speech Recognition
Speech Synthesis Speech Synthesizers
Telecommuniations Text-to-Speech Systems
Vector Quantization Voice Mail
Meisel, William S.: "Phonetic representation and accuracy in a commercial phonetic speech recognition system", 1001-1004.
Niedermair, G. Th.: "Syntactic analysis in speech understanding", 1005-1008.
Mercier, Guy / Bigorgne, D. / Guennec, L. Le / Miclet, Laurent / Monné, Jean / Querre, M. / Vaissière, Jacqueline / Cloatre, M.: "Speaker-dependent continuous speech recognition with KEAL", 1009-1012.
O'Kane, M. / Jones, G. / Kenne, P. E.: "A dictating machine accepting continuous speech: evaluation of a design", 1013-1016.
Debello, N. / Mian, G. A. / Offelli, C. / Rinaldo, R. / Tisato, G.: "Design of an Italian text-to-speech system", 1017-1020.
Granström, Björn / Hansen, Peter Molbaek / Thorsen, Nina Gronnum: "A danish text-to-speech system using a text normalizer based on morph analysis", 1021-1024.
Olászy, Gábor / Gordos, Géza: "On the speaking module of an automatic reading machine", 1025-1028.
Rajouani, A. / Najim, M. / Chiadmi, D. / Zyoute, M.: "Synthesis-by-rule of Arabic language", 1029-1032.
Bladon, Anthony / Carlson, Rolf / Granström, Björn / Hunnicutt, Sheri / Karlsson, Inger: "A text-to-speech system for british English, and issues of dialect and style", 1055-1058.
McAllister, Mike: "The structural design of the cstr text-to-speech system", 1059-1062.
Salza, Pier Luigi / Sandri, Stefano / Foti, Enzo: "Evaluation of experimental diphones for text-to-speech synthesis of Italian", 1063-1066.
Fellbaum, Klaus / Rook, J.: "Text-to-speech synthesis based on grapheme and phoneme clusters", 1067-1070.
Ariki, Y. / Mizuta, S. / Nagata, M. / Sakai, T.: "Spoken word recognition using statistic and dynamic information obtained by two-dimensional cepstrum analysis", 1033-1036.
Veth, J. de / Boves, Louis: "Tracking of speech parameters using ARMA analysis techniques", 1037.
Seggie, David A.: "Analysis of speech signal envelope-frequency relationships", 1038-1041.
Peeters, W. J. M.: "Acoustic structure and perceptual relevance of 'steady states' and 'glides' within formant trajectories of diphthongs, complex vowels, and vowel clusters", 1042-1045.
Hieronymus, James L.: "Compensating for vowel coarticulation in continuous speech recognition", 1046-1049.
Breen, A. P.: "Segmentation of the speech waveform using differentiated first and second formant tracks", 1050-1053.
Ganesan, M. / Agrawal, S. S. / Pavate, K. D.: "Formant analysis and synthesis of (hindi) vowels and their perceptual limits", 1054.
Willems, L. F.: "Robust formant analysis for speech synthesis applications", 1250-1253.
Duncan, G. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "A NOVEL SPECTRUM ESTIMATION ALGORITHM OFFERING ENHANCED FEATURE RESOLUTION IN LPC SPECTRA", 1254-1257.
Nandagopal, D. / Johnson, D. A. H. / Koljonen, J. P. T.: "Pole-zero analysis of speech by linear predictive coding", 1258-1261.
Niranjan, M. / Fallside, Frank: "On modelling the dynamics of speech patterns", 1071-1074.
Howard, Ian S. / Huckvale, Mark A.: "The application of adaptive constraint satisfaction networks to acoustic phonetic attribute determination", 1075-1078.
Hermansky, Hynek: "Automatic speech recognition and human auditory perception", 1079-1082.
Scheffers, Michael T. M.: "Separation of speech sounds from background sounds: human listeners vs. a model of hearing", 1083-1086.
Wu, Li / Haton, Jean-Paul / Lonchamp, F.: "Recognition of French nasal vowels", 1087-1090.
Kitazawa, S. / Tubach, Jean-Pierre: "Statistical discrimination of French initial stops", 1091-1095.
Sundar, R. / Raman, S. / Yegnanarayana, B.: "Studies on speech recognition of hindi stop consonants", 1095-1098.
Tatham, Mark A. A.: "The representation and accessing of linguistic and phonetic knowledge", 1099-1103.
Wright, J. H.: "Linguistic control in speech recognition", 1104-1107.
Walsh, V. / Taylor, H. R.: "Automatic speech recognition using artificial intelligence methods", 1108-1111.
Dogil, Grzegorz: "The PIVOT parser", 1112-1115.
Zanellato, G.: "Speech recognition based on speech units", 1116-1119.
Agrawal, S. S. / Ganesan, M. / Ansari, A. M. / Pavate, K. D.: "The role of phonetic features in machine recognition and human recognition of (hindi) vowels", 1120.
Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Phoneme-based continuous speech recognition without pre-segmentation", 1121-1124.
Autesserre, Denis / Barrera, C. / Espesser, Robert / Perennou, Guy / Rossi, Mario / Teston, Bernard / Vigouroux, Nadine: "Acoustic-articulatory information in a speech data base", 1125-1128.
Bakran, J.: "The place of cues for the recognition of consonants", 1129-1131.
Ainsworth, William A.: "Audio feedback for error correction in a digit recognition task", 2065-2068.
Leiser, R. G. / Alberdi, M. de / Carr, D. J.: "Generic issues in dialogue design for speech input/output", 2069-2072.
Starr, A. F. / Hudson, S. M. / Jones, Dylan M. / Frankish, Clive R.: "Automatic speech recognition: the user's view", 2073-2076.
Renals, Stephen / Terry, Mark: "Automatic speech recognition using peripheral auditory modelling and a PDP approach to classification", 2077.
Taylor, M. R. / Tincello, D. R. / Leeks, C. / Bickerton, I.: "Speech variability in high performance rotary wing aircraft", 2078.
Aktas, A. / Glaßer, L. / Kammerer, B. / Küpper, W. / Schlang, M.: "A compact low-cost speech recognition system", 2268-2271.
Jiu-Long, Wang / Xue-Gong, Yuan / Guo-Tian, Zhao: "On the application of associative method to Chinese connected digit recognition", 2272-2275.
Yalabik, N. / Mansur, A.: "Using condensed nearest neighbor rule for speaker independent word recognition", 2276-2279.
Torices-Arguelles, A. / Rubio-Ayuso, Antonio J.: "On isolated words recognition systems using time defendant linear prediction", 2280-2283.
Angus, J. A. S. / Whitaker, M. T.: "An algorithm for increasing speed in dynamic time warping", 2284-2287.
Ching, P. C. / Lai, W. M. / Chan, Y. T.: "An efficient technique for isolated word recognition of monosyllabic languages", 2288-2291.
Nakanishi, Hirobumi / Nakagawa, Seiichi: "Speaker-independent word recognition by less cost and stochastic dynamic time warping method", 2292-2295.
Ansari, A. M. / Agrawal, S. S. / Pavate, K. D.: "An on-line spoken word recognition system using a microprocessor", 2296-2299.
Lleida, E. / Nadeu, Climent / Marino, José B.: "Speech parametrization and recognition using block and recursive linear prediction with data compression", 2300-2303.
Stainhaouer, G. / Carayannis, George: "Parallel partitioning techniques for the DTW algorithm in speech recognition", 2304-2307.
Moore, T. A. / Holbeche, J. / King, R. A.: "Segmentation of acoustic events using time encoded speech (TES) descriptors", 2308-2312.
Emam, O. S. / Hashish, M. A.: "Recognition of isolated Arabic digits using hidden Markov models", 2312-2316.
Lindberg, Borge / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Product code vector quantisation and hidden Markov modelling in isolated word recognition", 2317-2320.
Marino, José B. / Nadeu, Climent / Lleida, E.: "Demisyllable based Spanish number recognition experiments", 2321-2324.
Savoji, M. H.: "A proposal for a speaker independent isolated word (SIIW) recogniser of a limited vocabulary", 2325-2328.
D'Orta, P.: "Acoustic discrimination among words based on distance measures", 2329-2332.
Keck, B.: "A new approach to acoustic-phonetic decoding by means of hidden-Markov-modelling of speech", 2333-2336.
Yong, Gu / Mason, John S. D.: "A comparison between vocal tract and auditory feature analysis in ASR systems", 1132-1135.
Millar, W.: "Time domain acoustic parameters for speech recognition", 1136-1139.
Adamson, K. / Donnan, G. / Black, N. D.: "Investigation of the application of concurrency to a digital simulation of the human basilar membrane", 1140-1143.
Angus, J. A. S. / Whitaker, M. T.: "Parameter extraction using the winograd fourier transform", 1144-1147.
Holmes, P. R. / Moulsley, T. J.: "Real-time implementation of acoustic noise suppression", 1148-1151.
Gooding, Frank / Shaw, Ian: "A real-time auditory 'spectrograph' for speech research", 1152-1154.
Rodet, Xaviefr / Depalle, P. / Poirot, G.: "Speech analysis and synthesis methods based on spectral envelopes and voiced/unvoiced functions", 1155-1158.
Surmanowicz-Demenko, Grazyna: "Mathematical aspects of the classification of basic pitch patterns", 1301-1304.
Huckvale, Mark A. / Brookes, D. M. / Dworkin, L. T. / Johnson, M. E. / Pearce, D. J. B. / Whitaker, L. C.: "The SPAR speech filing system", 1305-1308.
Howard, Ian S.: "Speech fundamental period estimation by a novel parallel processing method", 1309-1312.
Deterding, D. H.: "Speaker normalisation for a vowel identifier based on robust formant extraction", 1313-1316.
Rowden, C. G. / Chan, C. F.: "A multiple DSP system for speech processing applications", 1317.
Howard, David M. / Faulkner, Andrew / Howard, Ian S.: "Speech fundamental frequency estimation by multi-channel peak-picking", 1318-1321.
Sorensen, Helge B. D. / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Comparison of two frequency domain pitch detectors based on phonetic performance evaluation", 1322.
Whitaker, L. C. / Pearce, D. J. B.: "Larynx synchronous formant analysis", 1323-1326.
Leather, J. H.: "Recognition of Chinese word tone from F0, with and without amplitude and speaker information", 1327-1330.
Huang, X. D. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Duncan, G.: "Formant estimation based on temporal synchronous analysis", 1331-1334.
Codogno, M. / Fissore, L. / Martelli, A. / Pirani, G. / Volpi, G.: "Experimental evaluation of Italian language models for large-dictionary speech recognition", 1159-1162.
Harrington, Jonathan / Johnson, Ian / Cooper, Maggie: "The application of phoneme sequence constraints to word boundary identification in automatic, continuous speech recognition", 1163-1166.
Falaschi, A.: "A word like phonetic sequence statistical source model for large lexicon automatic speech recognition systems", 1167-1170.
Adda, Gilles / Eskénazi, Maxine / Stem, P. E.: "The use of rough spectral features for large vocabulary recognition", 1171-1174.
Haton, Jean-Paul: "Overview of coordinated research in speech communication in france", 1175-1178.
Vicenzi, C. / Favareto, C. / Sciarra, D. / Carossino, A. / Colla, A. M. / Scagliola, Carlo / Pedrazzi, P.: "Ocabulary isolated word recognition: a real-time implementation", 2214-2217.
Drews, W. / Laroia, R. / Pandel, J. / Stoelzle, A.: "A 1000 word speech recognition system using a special purpose CMOS-processor", 2218-2221.
Mariani, Joseph J.: "Hamlet: a prototype of a voice activated typewriter", 2222-2225.
Itahashi, Shuichi / Hisamatsu, Yutaka: "A connected word recognition method utilizing DTW and a coarticulation model", 2365-2368.
Blomberg, Mats / Carlson, Rolf / Elenius, Kjell / Granström, Björn / Hunnicutt, Sheri: "Speech recognition based on a text-to-speech synthesis system", 2369-2372.
Gaotian, Zhao: "A new architecture of large vocabulary word recognition for Chinese character", 2373-2376.
Kohonen, Teuvo / Torkkola, Karl / Shozakai, Makoto / Kangas, Jari / Venta, Olli: "Microprocessor implementation of a large vocabulary speech recognizer and phonetic typewriter for Finnish and Japanese", 2377-2380.
Pols, Louis C. W. / Lefevre, Jean-Paul / Boxelaar, Gerard / Son, Nic van: "Word intelligibility of a rule synthesis system for French", 1179-1182.
Bezooijen, Renée van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Evaluation of two synthesis-by-rule systems for dutch", 1183-1186.
Yiourgalis, N. / Kokkinakis, George: "High quality and reduced memory text-to-speech synthesis of the greek language", 1187-1189.
Leboeuf, J. / Beroule, D.: "Processing of noisy patterns with a connectionnist system using a topographic representation of speech", 1191-1194.
Busnelli, Livio / Degan, Neviano Dal / Vetrano, Luigi: "Multisensor input for a speech enhancement equipment: system architecture and experimental results", 1195-1198.
Stubbs, Richard J. / Summerfield, Quentin: "Separation of simultaneous voices", 1199-1202.
Yegnanarayana, B. / Murthy, K. V. Madhu / Murthy, Hema A.: "Processing of noisy speech using partial phase", 1203-1206.
Cutler, Anne / Carter, David: "The prosodic structure of initial syllables in English", 1207-1210.
Kori, S. / Farnetani, Edda / Cosi, Piero: "A perspective on relevance and application of prosodic information to automatic speech recognition in Italian", 1211-1214.
House, D. / Bruce, Gösta / Lacerda, F. / Lindblom, Björn: "Automatic prosodic analysis for Swedish speech recognition", 1215-1218.
Jassem, Wiktor: "Off-line automatic recognition of basic F0 curves", 1219-1222.
Connolly, John H.: "Some issues in knowledge-based speech recognition", 1223-1226.
Rohwer, Richard: "A measure of deliberatenes as an aid to the construction of grammars", 1227-1230.
Huckvale, Mark A.: "ASR beyond HMM: a critical review", 1231-1234.
Carter, David / Boguraev, Bran / Briscoe, Ted: "Lexical stress and phonetic information: which segments are most informative?", 1235-1238.
Berendsen, Egon / Don, Jan: "Morphology and stress in a rule-based grapheme-to-phoneme conversion system for dutch", 1239-1242.
Kager, Rene / Quene, Hugo: "Deriving prosodic sentence structure without exhaustive syntactic analysis", 1243-1246.
Shockey, Linda: "Conversational phonology in a text-to-speech system", 1247-1249.
Haigh, R. / Clarke, A. K.: "VADAS, a simple voice recognition system for environmental control", 1262-1265.
Damper, Robert I. / Sheppard, J.A.: "Speech recognition and computer access for paralysed users: a case study", 1266-1267.
Stephens, R. M. / Cottle, M. J. / Creasey, G. H. / Geggie, C. S. / Workman, D. S.: "Text composition using voice recognition and other computer input devices for people with spinal cord injuries", 1268.
Trehern, J. F. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Laver, John / Hiller, S. M.: "Acoustic screening for vocal pathology with a boltzmann machine", 1269-1272.
Cosi, Piero: "A graph-oriented approach to the grapheme-to-phoneme transcription of Italian written texts", 1273-1276.
Coile, Bert van: "Computer-aided segmentation of spoken words given their orthographic representation", 1277-1280.
Lammens, J. M. G.: "A lexicon-based grapheme-to-phoneme conversion system", 1281-1284.
Campbell, W. Nick: "A search for higher-level duration rules in a real-speech corpus", 1285-1288.
Pickering, J. B.: "Coarticulation and the synthesis of british English", 1289-1291.
Leeuwen, H. C. van: "Complementation introduced in linguistic re-write rules", 1292-1295.
Fletcher, Janet: "Some effects of tempo change on timing in French", 1296.
Zijian, Jin / Youan, Ke: "An efficient clustering algorithm and its use in phoneme synthesis", 1297-1300.
Wright, R. D. / Elliott, S. J.: "Parametric representations for speech synthesis", 2079-2082.
Ouadou, M. / Rajouani, A. / Najim, M. / Zyoute, M. / Baylou, P.: "Arabic text-to-speech: single board", 2083-2086.
Yuhang, Mao / Jinfa, Huang / Guozhen, Zhang: "A Chinese Mandarin speech output system", 2087-2091.
Al-Anani, M. I.: "Durational variation of vowels as produced by Arab students", 2092-2095.
Steriopolo, E. I.: "Acoustic parameters of synthesized German vowels", 2096-2099.
Benbassat, Gerard / Gunawardana, Raj: "A real-time speech data analysis system for data processing to support speech synthesis applications", 2100.
Mitleb, Fares: "Arabic temporal correlates of segmental length: perception test", 2101-2104.
Arnott, John L.: "High-speed control of a speech synthesiser by stenotype keyboard", 1335-1338.
Kingham, L. O. / Harris, P. R. / Tolmie, I. M.: "The integration of speech technology with graphics as an aid for the disabled", 1339-1343.
Malyan, R. R. / Sunthankar, Y. / Barnwell, P.: "An intelligent text reader for the blind", 1344-1347.
Abdel Alim, O. / Ahmed, R.: "A study on the speech of down's syndrome subjects using the acoustic models", 1348-1351.
Rowden, C. G.: "Synthesised speech from gestural input", 1352.
Aim, Norman / Newell, Alan F. / Arnott, John L.: "Using a speech synthesis system for casual conversation a serious application", 1353-1356.
Galyas, Karoly / Liljencrants, Johan: "Multi-talk, a new portable multi-lingual speech output communication aid", 1357-1360.
Brophy, B. / Arnott, John L. / Newell, Alan F.: "Communication aids and voice synthesis", 1361-1364.
Brandon, Frank B.: "European voice mail services: towards a transnational service", 2142-2145.
Gunawardana, Raj / Dent, Peter / Roe, Peter: "A full-duplex 32 k/bits per second voice coder for use in the proposed second generation cordless telephone application", 2146.
Fidel, R.: "Real-time automatic audio information in airports", 2147-2149.
Ganesan, M. / Agrawal, S. S. / Ansari, A. M. / Pavate, K. D.: "Speaker recognition based on acoustic parameters of (hindi) vowel sounds", 2337-2340.
Zalewski, Janusz: "Distance between the pseudosections of the vocal tract as the criterion in the speaker recognition process", 2341.
Basztura, Czeslaw: "Zero-crossing analysis technique in speech and speaker recognition", 2342.
Dvorzhetskaya, M. P.: "Socio-linguistic aspects of intonation practice in foreign language teaching", 2343.
Solomon, James R. / Soares, Eric J.: "Gauging consumer interest by 'vocal expressiveness': correlation of acoustical measures with judgments by self and others", 2344.
Lacey, M. F.: "The conflict between speech and text in the automated office", 2345-2348.
Noyes, J. M. / Frankish, Clive R.: "Voice recognition - where are the end-users?", 2349-2352.
Furner, Stephen M.: "Rapid prototyping as a design tool for dialogues employing voice recognition", 2353-2356.
Carbonell, Noelle / Haton, Jean-Paul / Pierrel, Jean-Marie: "A knowledge-based approach to the design of a man-machine dialog system by voice", 2357-2360.
Vigouroux, Nadine: "Data modelization within and requests from an acoustic phonetic data-base", 2361-2364.
Katagiri, Shigeru / Yokota, Manami: "Phoneme recognition using visual features on speech spectrograms", 1365-1368.
Eswar, P. / Gupta, S. K. / Sekhar, C. Chandra / Yegnanarayana, B. / Reddy, K. Nagamma: "An acoustic-phonetic expert for analysis and processing of continuous speech in hindi", 1369-1372.
Green, Phil D. / Cooke, M. P. / Lafferty, H. H. / Simons, A. J. H.: "A speech recognition strategy based on making acoustic evidence and phonetic knowledge explicit", 1373-1376.
Watrous, R. L. / Shastri, L. / Waibel, Alex H.: "Learned phonetic discrimination using connectionist networks", 1377-1380.
Lazzaretto, S. / Nebbia, L.: "SCYLA: speech compiler for your language", 1381-1384.
Boves, Louis / Refice, M.: "The linguistic processor in a multi-lingual text-to-speech and speech-to-text conversion system", 1385-1388.
Quazza, S. / Vivalda, E.: "Contextual byntactic analysis for text-to-speech conversion", 1389-1392.
Perennou, Guy / Calmes, M. de: "BDLEX lexical data and knowledge base of spoken and written French", 1393-1396.
Yuan, Jing / Chen, C. S.: "Pitch synchronization via matched filtering", 1397-1402.
Chilton, E. H. S. / Evans, B. G.: "Performance comparison of five pitch determination algorithms on the linear prediction residual of speech", 1403-1406.
Nadeu, Climent / Garcia-Melendo, E. / Alsina, J.: "Pitch determination based on waveform superposition", 1407-1410.
Bakamidis, S. G. / Carayannis, George / Skiadas, N.: "A new pitch detector based on preselected information from the LPC error signal", 1411-1414.
Maassen, B. / Arends, N. / Povel, D.: "Artificial corrections to deaf speech and the development of visual speech training aids", 1415-1418.
Engebretson, A. Maynard: "A wearable, vibrotactile /s/-monitor for hearing impaired based on spectral similarity measures", 1419-1422.
Tillmann, Hans-Günther / Piroth, H. G.: "The electrocutaneous stimulation system "SEHR" and the perceivability of tactile syllables", 1423-1426.
Roukens, J.: "Some observations about speech technology r&d in europe", 1427-1431.
Mariani, Joseph J.: "Speech technology in europe", 1431-1439.
Baker, Janet M.: "State-of-the-art speech recognition u.s. research and business update", 1440-1447.
Psutka, J. / Chan, E.: "The use of coherence coefficient to parameters statistical dependence evaluation in acoustic anylysis", 2001-2004.
Baekgaard, Anders / Dalsgaard, Paul / Holtse, Peter: "The head system and its approach to rule based acoustic-phonetic recognition of speech", 2005-2008.
Mertens, P.: "Automatic segmentation of speech into syllables", 2009-2013.
Takeda, Kazuya / Sagisaka, Yoshinori / Katagiri, Shigeru: "Acoustic-phonetic labels in a Japanese speech database", 2013-2016.
Youd, N. J. / Fallside, Frank: "Generating words and prosody for use in speech synthesis", 2017-2020.
Ladd, D. Robert: "A model of intonational phonology for use in speech synthesis by rule", 2021-2024.
Monaghan, Alex: "A system for left-to-right intonation specification from text", 2025-2028.
Ladd, D. Robert / Monaghan, Alex: "Modelling rhythmic and syntactic effects on accent in long noun phrases", 2029-2032.
Collier, Rene / Terken, Jacques: "Intonation by rule in text-to-speech applications", 2165-2168.
Bell, A. D.: "Towards assigning prosodic patterns in speech synthesis", 2169-2172.
Pardo, José M. / Martinez, M. / Quilis, A. / Munoz-Merino, Elias: "Improving text-to-speech conversion in Spanish: linguistic analysis and prosody", 2173-2176.
Kugler-Kruse, M. / Posmyk, R.: "Methods for the simulation of natural intonation in the "SYRUB" text-to-speech system for unrestricted German text", 2177-2180.
Bukiet, Bruce / Ragland, Roderick J. / Damoulakis, John: "Hardware implementation of a multi-rate real-time speech codec", 2033-2036.
Boyd, I.: "Position reoptimisation for a multipulse excited LPC coder", 2037-2040.
Fukui, A. / Shibagaki, K.: "Speech quality improvement of a multi-pulse speech codec with pitch prediction on a single chip signal processor", 2041-2044.
Rochette, Denis / Mathevon, Gilles / Albarello, Alain: "Real time 800 bits/s linear predictive vocoder based upon vector quantization", 2045-2048.
Millar, P. C. / Cameron, I. R. / Chaplin, D. J.: "A robust dialogue control strategy to improve the performance of voice interactive systems", 2049-2052.
Rühl, Hans-Wilhelm / Winzer, L. M.: "Sprein - a voice i/o mail order system with telephone access", 2053-2056.
Hakoda, Kazuo / Nagakura, Keiichi: "Application of text-to-speech synthesizer for telephone information services", 2057-2060.
Gagnoulet, C. / Zurcher, F. / Tirbois, J. / Serradura, T.: "Publivox: a voice controlled card pay phone", 2061-2064.
Kondoz, A. / Evans, B. G.: "Hybrid transform coder for low bit rate speech coding", 2105-2108.
Nakata, Kazuo: "An LPC vocoder of CADM of residual random components", 2109-2112.
Clark, J. E. / Mannell, R. H.: "Comparative formant and channel vocoder performance", 2113.
Perez-Garcia, J. M. / Rubio-Ayuso, Antonio J.: "Entropy techniques for digital transmission of speech", 2114-2117.
Medan, Y.: "An optimal integer allocation scheme for sub-band coding of speech", 2118-2122.
Alim, O. Abdel / Nagi, M. / El-Asaal, H.: "New quantization method for the transmission of the speech LPC parameters", 2122-2125.
Alim, O. Abdel / El-Boghdadli, N.: "A codebook for some Arabic sounds", 2126.
Lines, B. M.: "A model for assessing subjectively the effects of delaying speech packets in a packet switched network", 2127-2130.
Rowden, C. G. / Chan, C. F.: "Improving multipulse coding for low bit-rate speech communications", 2131.
Marlow, Sean / Buggy, Brian: "Selective modelling of LPC residual", 2132.
Moreno, Asunción / Moliner, A.: "Bit allocation based in parametric residual envelope for adaptive predictive coders", 2133-2136.
Delbrouck, Henry-Philippe / Leroux, Andre / Wery, Bruno: "A new parametric approach of APC coding", 2137.
Longshaw, S. / Holbeche, J. / Hughes, R. D. / King, R. A.: "Coding schemes for time encoded speech (TES) voice messages", 2138-2141.
Boves, Louis / Senders, W. / Wester, J. / Willemse, R.: "Phoneme to grapheme conversion by rules", 2150-2153.
Jekosch, Ute: "Phoneme-to-grapheme conversion system for unrestricted German text", 2154-2157.
Roach, Peter J. / Rowlands, P. / Dew, A. M.: "Assessment of accuracy in automatic phonetic analysis", 2158-2160.
Aubert, X. L.: "Supervised segmentation with application to speech recognition", 2161-2164.
Trancoso, Isabel M. / Tribolet, Jose M.: "Harmonic post-processing of speech synthesized by stochastic coders", 2181-2184.
Kaouri, H. A. / McCanny, J. V.: "Transformed sub-band coding of speech using vector quantization", 2185-2188.
Masgrau-Gomez, E. / Marino, José B. / Rodriguez-Fonollosa, J. A. / Salavedra-Moli, J.: "AVPC-subband coding system for speech encoding", 2189-2192.
Gundel, Christian Lutz: "Aliasing in QMF-bank systems with signal modifications between analysis and synthesis (practical results)", 2193-2196.
Frankish, Clive R. / Jones, Dylan M.: "Parcel sorting by speech recognition: a case study in vocabulary design", 2197-2201.
Duncan, G.: "Helium speech unscrambling: a new perspective on factors affecting intelligiblity", 2202-2205.
Kelway, Peter: "Effective human-machine interfaces for use in industry & commerce", 2206-2209.
Blomberg, Mats / Elenius, Kjell / Lundström, B. / Neovius, L.: "Speech recognizer for voice control of mobile telephone", 2210-2214.
Ladefoged, Peter / Maddieson, Ian / Jackson, Michel / Huffman, Marie: "Characteristics of the voice source", 2226-2229.
Hohne, J. / Schönle, P. / Conrad, B. / Veldscholten, H. / Wenig, P. / Fakhouri, H. / Sandner, N. / Hong, G.: "Direct measurement of vocal tract shape - articulography", 2230-2232.
Coile, Bert van: "A model of phoneme durations based on the analysis of a read dutch text", 2233-2236.
Pompino-Marschall, Bernd: "Segments, syllables, and the perception of speech rate and rhythm", 2237-2240.
Dutoit, D.: "Evaluation of speaker-independent isolated-word recognition systems over telephone network", 2241-2244.
Thomas, Trevor J.: "The prediction of speech recogniser performance by the use of laboratory experiments: some preliminary observations", 2245-2248.
Power, R. C. / Hughes, R. D. / King, R. A.: "Performance and evaluation criteria for simple TES isolated word recognition (IWR) systems in hostile tactical military acoustic environments", 2249-2252.
Anderson, R.I.: "AUDIOTEX: computer input and output by voice telephony", 2253-2255.
Ariki, Y. / Ohkawa, H. / Sakai, T.: "Continuous speech understanding by keyword extraction in a voice mail system", 2256-2259.
Sorin, Christel / Descout, Raymond / Benoît, Christian / Emerard, Françoise / Fluhr, C. / Larreur, Danielle / Saint-Milon, J. L. Le / Moulines, Eric / Peron, R.: "Text-to-speech synthesis in the French electronic mail environment", 2260-2263.
Pierucci, Piero / Mumolo, Enzo / Labonia, Corrado: "Multichannel text-to-speech system for electronic mail applications", 2264-2267.
Sinclair, D. A.: "The express real time formant synthesiser", 2381-2384.
Boves, Louis / Kerkhoff, J. / Loman, H.: "A new synthesis model for an allophone based text-to-speech system", 2385-2388.
Chollet, Gerard / Ahlbom, Gunnar / Bimbot, Frederic / Lima-Veiga, Alvaro De: "From segmental synthesis to acoustic rules using time dependent modeling techniques", 2389-2392.
Summerfield, C. D.: "VLSI structures for the implementation of a formant speech synthesiser", 2393-2396.
Hapeshi, K. / Jones, Dylan M. / Frankish, Clive R.: "Human factors aspects of template training", 2397-2400.
Luzzati, D. / Néel, Françoise: "Linguistic behaviour brought about by the machine", 2401-2404.
Kobayashi, Tetsunori / Shirai, Katsuhiko: "Description of task dependent knowledge for speech understanding system", 2405.
Tubach, Jean-Pierre / Cesarini, P.: ""pseudo-natural" human-computer dialog, using a speech terminal", 2406-2409.
Newell, Alan F. / Arnott, John L. / Dye, R.: "A full speed speech simulation of speech recognition machines", 2410-2413.
Sato, Shigeru / Kasuya, Hideki: "Automatic translation / speech synthesis of Japanese from written esperanto incorporating a linguistic knowledge base editor", 2414-2417.
Stentiford, F. W. M. / Steer, M. G.: "A speech driven language translation system", 2418-2421.
Dahl, Irene / Galyas, Karoly: "Experiences with the use of computer programs with speech output in teaching reading and writing", 2422-2425.
Aktas, A. / Glaßer, L. / Kammerer, B. / Küpper, W.: "A self-organizing clustering technique for vector quantization in speech recognition", 2426-2429.
Niimi, Yasuhisa / Kobayashi, Yutaka: "Speaker-adaptation of a code book of vector quantization", 2430.
Mason, John S. D. / Goatcher, J. K.: "Adaptation result of a simple speaker-independent ASR system", 2431-2434.
Shirai, Katsuhiko / Mano, Kazunori / Sano, Koji: "Speaker adaptive phoneme recognition in continuous speech based on vector quantization", 2435.
Boyer, A. / Haton, Jean-Paul / Martino, J. di: "Dynamic time warping and vector quantization in isolated and connected word recognition", 2436-2439.
Baker, James K. / Baker, Janet M.: "Large vocabulary natural language speech recognition in software", 2440.
Chan, Lester C. M. / Cheung, Y. S.: "Speaker-independent putonghua finals recognition using phonemic labeling and vector quantization with hidden Markov models", 2441-2444.
Zhang, X. / Mason, John S. D.: "Speech recognition using semi-hidden Markov models of multiple features", 2445-2448.
Soudoplatoff, S.: "Speech decoding using Markov model: search for a prior criterion of quality", 2449-2452.
Serralheiro, Antonio J. / Almeida, Luis B.: "A probabilistic state machine for speech recognition", 2453-2458.
Bielby, G. / Lennig, Matthew / Mermelstein, Paul: "Speaker verification with sequential decision on a speaker specific vocabulary", 2459.
Fakotakis, Nikos / Dermatas, E. / Kokkinakis, George: "Optimum reference construction and updating for speaker recognition systems", 2460-2463.
Guo, Peng / Chen, Xixian / Cai, Chang-Nian: "A Chinese phoneme clustering theory and its application to a text independent speaker verification system", 2464-2468.
Barry, William J.: "Regional accent identification: principles, problems, results", 2468-2471.
Barrera, Charles: "A knowledge-based system for voiceless plosive reooding", 2472-2475.
Nolan, Francis: "Linguistic versus personal variation in speech recognition", 2476-2479.
Hoequist, Charles: "Phonological rules and speech recognition", 2480-2483.
McInnes, Fergis R. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Laver, John: "Experiments with template adaptation in an isolated word recognition system", 2484-2487.
Childers, Donald G. / Wu, Ke / Hicks, D. M.: "Voice conversion: a model for studying voice quality and speaker normalization", 2488-2491.