Fourth European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology

Madrid, Spain
September 18-21, 1995

On The Speech Feature Selection Problem: Are Dynamic Features More Important Than The Static Ones?

Jan Nouza

Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic

The problem of the optimal speech feature selection with respect to CDHMM discrete-utterance recognition is addressed in the paper. Two sequential search algorithms - the Sequential Forward Search (SFS) and Sequential Floating Forward Search (SFFS) have been investigated and applied to several speech databases. It was observed that the dynamic (delta) parameters derived from frame energy and cepstrum were identified as more important than the static ones. The hypothesis about the high discriminative power of the dynamic features has been confirmed in a series of speaker-independent tests. We have even demonstrated that the recognition rate achieved with only the dynamic features closely approached that of the complete feature set. As a practical application of the study, we have proposed a two-level HMM classification scheme that may significantly reduce recognition time without a loss of accuracy.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Nouza, Jan (1995): "On the speech feature selection problem: are dynamic features more important than the static ones?", In EUROSPEECH-1995, 919-922.