ITRW on Experimental Linguistics
The study of cross-cultural differences in the degree of reliance on different types of inferences shows that pragmatic inference contributing to the additional implicated proposition is the only kind of inference that can be preferred or dispreferred for cultural reasons. Defaults and pragmatic inferences contributing to the truth-conditional representation, on the other hand, are not a matter of preference/dispreference. This observation signifies that different types of inferences differ in their functions and processing.
Bibliographic reference. Sysoeva, Anna (2006): "What is said and what is implicated: a study with reference to communication in English and Russian", In ExLing-2006, 233-236.