ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Experimental Linguistics (ExLing 2008)

Athens, Greece
August 25-27, 2008

Name Dominance in Spoken Word Recognition is (Not) Modulated by Expectations: Evidence from Synonyms

Andrea Weber (1), Alissa Melinger (2)

1Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Netherlands
(2) School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Two German eye-tracking experiments tested whether top-down expectations interact with acoustically-driven word-recognition processes. Competitor objects with two synonymous names were paired with target objects whose names shared word onsets with either the dominant or the non-dominant name of the competitor. Non-dominant names of competitor objects were either introduced before the test session or not. Eye-movements were monitored while participants heard instructions to click on target objects. Results demonstrate dominant and non-dominant competitor names were considered for recognition, regardless of top-down expectations, though dominant names were always activated more strongly.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Weber, Andrea / Melinger, Alissa (2008): "Name dominance in spoken word recognition is (not) modulated by expectations: evidence from synonyms", In ExLing-2008, 225-228.