First International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 90)

Kobe, Japan
November 18-22, 1990

Syllable Final Stops LN East Asian Languages: Southern Chinese, Thai and Korean

Ray Iwata (1), Hajime Hirose (2), Seiji Niimi (2), Masayuki Sawashima (3), Satoshi Horiguchi (4)

(1) Faculty of Humanities, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka-shi, Japan
(2) Research Institute of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, University of Tokyo
(3) Yokohama Seamen's Insurance Hospital
(4) Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, Japan

One of the remarkable characteristics for the languages spoken in East Asian continent, like Southern Chinese dialects, Thai, Vietnamese and Korean, regardless of their genealogical origins, is that the stops, like -p,-t,-k, are pronounced without their oral releases at the syllable final positions.

Fiberoptic observations of the larynx on Southern Chinese and Thai revealed that final stops were pronounced with the glottis being closed, and particularly in the case of Southern Chinese, with the supraglottal structures being constricted. On the other hands in Korean final stops were characterized by a slight degree of glottal opening.

Different laryngeal strategies are employed among East Asian languages in producing the final stops. It is suggested that this might reflect the difference in syllabicity and suprasegmental features among these languages.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Iwata, Ray / Hirose, Hajime / Niimi, Seiji / Sawashima, Masayuki / Horiguchi, Satoshi (1990): "Syllable final stops LN east asian languages: southern Chinese, Thai and Korean", In ICSLP-1990, 621-624.