Third International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP 94)

Yokohama, Japan
September 18-22, 1994

The Influence of Knowledge and Experience During the Processing of Spoken Words: Non-Native Listeners

Makio Kashino (1), Chie H. Craig (2)

(1) NTT Basic Research Laboratories, Kanagawa, Japan
(2) University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA

This paper examines the effect of prior language knowledge and experience on English as a Second Language (ESL) listeners' use of acoustic-phonetic and linguistic-contextual information during the real-time spoken word recognition process. A set of prerecorded compound words called "spondees" was applied to study the recognition of time-gated words and syllables. Performance measures were obtained from thirty Japanese ESL listeners. Their response accuracy and confidence were monitored as the amount and nature of gated-in acoustic-phonetic and contextual information changed. Also an item analysis was performed to observe how the listeners' intermediate and final word representations reflected important features of their lexical searching processes. The results indicate that ESL listeners' knowledge and experience strongly influences the timing and nature of their real-time spoken word recognition process as well as the interaction of acoustic-phonetic and linguistic-contextual information. These findings are discussed in terms of native language effects and translanguage influences.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Kashino, Makio / Craig, Chie H. (1994): "The influence of knowledge and experience during the processing of spoken words: non-native listeners", In ICSLP-1994, 2047-2050.