4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
Philadelphia, PA, USA
The problem of acoustic modeling for continuous speech recognition is addressed. To deal with coarticulation effects and interspeaker variability, an extension of the Mixture Stochastic Trajectory Model (MSTM) is proposed. MSTMis a segment-based model using phonemes as speech units. In MSTM, the observations of a phoneme are modeled by a set of stochastic trajectories. The trajectories are modeled by a mixture of probability density functions (pdf) of state sequences. Each state is associated with a multivariate Gaussian density function. In this paper, we propose to replace the state single Gaussian pdf by a mixture of Gaussian pdfs (MSTM with State-Mixture, SM-MSTM). The parameters of the model are estimated under the ML criterion, using the Expectation-Maximisation (EM) algorithm. The tests of the system on a speaker-dependent continuous speech recognition task show a reduction in the word error rate by about 15% over the baseline MSTM, even for an equal number of parameters. Experiments based on a multispeaker continuous speech recognition task do not lead to signifi- cant improvement over the baseline system.
Bibliographic reference. Illina, Irina / Gong, Yifan (1996): "Stochastic trajectory model with state-mixture for continuous speech recognition", In ICSLP-1996, 342-345.