4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
Philadelphia, PA, USA
Back-channel feedback is required in order to build spoken dialog systems that are responsive. This paper reports a model of back-channel feedback in Japanese dialog. It turns out that a low pitch region is a good clue that the speaker is ready for back-channel feedback. A rule based on this fact matches corpus data on respondents' production of back-channel feedback. A system based on this rule meets the expectations of live speakers, sometimes well enough to fool them into thinking they are conversing with a human.
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Bibliographic reference. Ward, Nigel (1996): "Using prosodic clues to decide when to produce back-channel utterances", In ICSLP-1996, 1728-1731.