4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Philadelphia, PA, USA
October 3-6, 1996

Cepstral Compensation by Polynomial Approximation for Environment-Independent Speech Recognition

Bhiksha Raj, Evandro Bacci GouvÍa, Pedro J. Moreno, Richard M. Stern

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering & School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Speech recognition systems perform poorly on speech degraded by even simple effects such as linear filtering and additive noise. One possible solution to this problem is to modify the probability density function (PDF) of clean speech to account for the effects of the degradation. However, even for the case of linear filtering and additive noise, it is extremely difficult to do this analytically. Previously attempted analytical solutions to the problem of noisy speech recognition have either used an overly-simplified mathematical description of the effects of noise on the statistics of speech, or they have relied on the availability of large environment-specific adaptation sets. Some of the previous methods required the use of adaptation data that consists of simultaneously-recorded or "stereo" recordings of clean and degraded speech. In this paper we introduce an approximation-based method to compute the effects of the environment on the parameters of the PDF of clean speech. In this work, we perform compensation by Vector Polynomial approximationS (VPS) for the effects of linear filtering and additive noise on the clean speech. We also estimate the parameters of the environment, namely the noise and the channel, by using piecewiselinear approximations of these effects. We evaluate the performance of this method (VPS) using the CMU SPHINX-II system and the 100-word alphanumeric CENSUS database. Performance is evaluated at several SNRs, with artificial white Gaussian noise added to the database. VPS provides improvements of up to 15 percent in relative recognition accuracy.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Raj, Bhiksha / GouvÍa, Evandro Bacci / Moreno, Pedro J. / Stern, Richard M. (1996): "Cepstral compensation by polynomial approximation for environment-independent speech recognition", In ICSLP-1996, 2340-2343.