5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Sydney, Australia
November 30 - December 4, 1998

Integrated Recognition of Words and Phrase Boundaries

Florian Gallwitz, Anton Batliner, Jan Buckow, Richard Huber, Heinrich Niemann, Elmar Nöth

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany

In this paper we present an integrated approach for recognizing both the word sequence and the syntactic-prosodic structure of a spontaneous utterance. We take into account the fact that a spontaneous utterance is not merely an unstructured sequence of words by incorporating phrase boundary information into the language model and by providing HMMs to model boundaries. This allows for a distinction between word transitions across phrase boundaries and transitions within a phrase. During recognition, the syntactic-prosodic structure of the utterance is determined implicitly. Without any increase in computational effort, this leads to a 4% reduction of word error rate, and, at the same time, syntactic-prosodic boundary labels are provided for subsequent processing. The boundaries are recognized with a precision and recall rate of about 75% each. They can be used to reduce drastically the computational effort for parsing spontaneous utterances. We also present a system architecture to incorporate additional prosodic information.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Gallwitz, Florian / Batliner, Anton / Buckow, Jan / Huber, Richard / Niemann, Heinrich / Nöth, Elmar (1998): "Integrated recognition of words and phrase boundaries", In ICSLP-1998, paper 0328.