5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Sydney, Australia
November 30 - December 4, 1998

Effects of Shapes of Radiational Aperture on Radiation Characteristics

Hiroki Matsuzaki (1), Kunitoshi Motoki (1), Nobuhiro Miki (2)

(1) Hokkai-Gakuen University, Japan
(2) Hokkaido University, Japan

The acoustic characteristics of acoustic tubes with protrusions at the radiation end are computed by FEM simulation. In the first experiment, two different shapes of the protrusions, a symmetrical and an asymmetrical shape with respect to the vertical, are investigated. Frequency characteristics of the radiation impedance are computed from simulation results. The simulation results show that the results of FEM simulation are in good agreement with our measurement results. The proposed 3-D radiational model is useful for analysis of the acoustic characteristics of human speech. In the 2nd experiment, the protrusion is attached to our 3-D vocal tract model. The vocal tract shape corresponds to the Japanese vowel /a/. The cross sections of the tubes are eliptic in shape. The simulation results show that the vocal tract transfer function of the FEM results is different from our previous FEM results and 1-D analytical solution.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Matsuzaki, Hiroki / Motoki, Kunitoshi / Miki, Nobuhiro (1998): "Effects of shapes of radiational aperture on radiation characteristics", In ICSLP-1998, paper 0656.