5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
Similarity or likelihood normalization techniques are important for speaker verification systems as they help to alleviate the variations in the speech signals. In the conventional normalization, the a priori probabilities of the cohort speakers are assumed to be equal. From this standpoint, we apply the theory of fuzzy measure and fuzzy integral to combine the likelihood values of the cohort speakers in which the assumption of equal a priori probabilities is relaxed. This approach replaces the conventional normalization term by the fuzzy integral which acts as a non-linear fusion of the similarity measures of an utterance assigned to the cohort speakers. We illustrate the performance of the proposed approach by testing the speaker verification system with both the conventional and the fuzzy algorithms using the commercial speech corpus TI46. The results in terms of the equal error rates show that the speaker verification system using the fuzzy integral is more flexible and more favorable than the conventional normalization method.
Bibliographic reference. Pham, Tuan / Wagner, Michael (1998): "Fuzzy-integration based normalization for speaker verification", In ICSLP-1998, paper 0953.