5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Sydney, Australia
November 30 - December 4, 1998

The Acquisition of Japanese Compound Accent Rule

Ayako Shirose (1), Haruo Kubozono (2), Shigeru Kiritani (3)

(1) Department of Cognitive Sciences, Graduate school of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan
(2) Kobe University, Japan
(2) University of Tokyo, Japan

This paper reports the results of research on the process of acquisition of Japanese compound accent rules by children aged 4-5. The results reveal: 1) Children acquire general rules before they acquire lexical idiosyncratic rules. 2) Children failed to retain the accent of the second element, and instead place an incorrect accent on the penultimate foot. This result suggests that children acquire placing accent on the penultimate foot prior to retaining the lexical accent of the second element. We discussed a similarity between above result and a constraint-reranking phenomenon in adults' phonology. 3) The syllable, which plays a important role in adults' CA rules, does not contribute to the CA rules in children's phonology. We assumed that children have not acquired sufficient understanding of the syllable to contribute to the CA rules.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Shirose, Ayako / Kubozono, Haruo / Kiritani, Shigeru (1998): "The acquisition of Japanese compound accent rule", In ICSLP-1998, paper 1107.