INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP
This article discusses the processing of facial markers of prominence in spoken utterances. In particular, it investigates which area of a speakerís face contains the strongest cues to prominence, using stimuli with the entire face visible or versions in which participants could only see the upper or lower half, or the right or left part of the face. To compensate for potential ceiling effects, subjects were positioned at a distance of either 50cm, 250cm or 380cm from the screen which displayed the film fragments. The task of the subjects was to indicate for each stimulus which word they perceived as the most prominent one. Results show that, while prominence detection becomes more difficult at longer distances, the upper facial area has stronger cue value for prominence detection than the bottom part, and that the left part of the face is more important than the right part. Results of mirror-images of the original fragments show that this latter result is due both to a speaker and an observer effect.
Bibliographic reference. Swerts, Marc / Krahmer, Emiel (2006): "The importance of different facial areas for signalling visual prominence", In INTERSPEECH-2006, paper 1289-Tue3WeO.3.