Ninth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Pittsburgh, PA, USA
September 17-21, 2006

Topic-Based Language Modeling with Dynamic Bayesian Networks

Pascal Wiggers, Léon J.M. Rothkrantz

Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Although n-gram models are still the de facto standard in language modeling for speech recognition, more sophisticated models achieve better accuracy by taking additional information, such as syntactic rules, semantic relations or domain knowledge into account. Unfortunately, most of the effort in developing such models goes into the implementation of handcrafted inference routines. A generic mechanism to introduce background knowledge into a language model is lacking. We propose using dynamic Bayesian networks. Dynamic Bayesian networks are a generalization of the n-gram models and HMMs traditionally used in language modeling and speech recognition. Whereas those models use a single random variable to represent state, Bayesian networks can have any number of variables. As such they are particularly well-suited for the construction of models that take additional information into account. This paper discusses language modeling with Bayesian networks. Examples of Bayesian network implementations of well-known language models are given and a novel topic-based language model is presented.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Wiggers, Pascal / Rothkrantz, Léon J.M. (2006): "Topic-based language modeling with dynamic Bayesian networks", In INTERSPEECH-2006, paper 1882-Wed2CaP.4.