Ninth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing

Pittsburgh, PA, USA
September 17-21, 2006

Segmental Duration Modeling in Turkish

Özlem Özturk (1), Tolga Ciloglu (2)

(1) Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey; (2) Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Naturalness of synthetic speech highly depends on appropriate modeling of prosodic aspects. Mostly, three prosody components are modeled: segmental duration, pitch contour and intensity. In this study, we present our work on modeling segmental duration in Turkish using machine-learning algorithms, especially Classification and Regression Trees (CART). The models predict phone durations based on attributes such as phone identity, neighboring phone identities, lexical stress, position of syllable in word, part-of-speech (POS) information, word length in number of syllables and position of word in utterance extracted from a speech corpus of approximately 700 sentences. Obtained models predict segment durations better than mean duration approximations (ˇ«0.77 Correlation Coefficient, CC, and 20.4 ms Root-Mean Squared Error, RMSE). Attributes phone identity, neighboring phone identities, lexical stress, syllable type, POS, phrase break information, and location of word in the phrase constitute best predictor set for phoneme duration modeling.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Özturk, Özlem / Ciloglu, Tolga (2006): "Segmental duration modeling in Turkish", In INTERSPEECH-2006, paper 2004-Thu1FoP.6.