In this paper, we extend the individual recognition error minimization criteria, MDE/MIE/MSE  in word-level and apply them to word recognition and verification tasks, respectively. In order to effectively reduce potential errors in word-level, we expand the training token selection scheme to be more appropriate for word-level learning framework, by taking into account neighboring words and by covering internal phonemes in each training word. Then, we examine the proposed word-level learning criteria on the TIMIT word recognition task and further investigate individual rejection performance of the recognition errors in utterance verification (UV). Experimental results confirm that each of the word-level objective criteria results in primarily reducing the corresponding target error type, respectively. The rejection rates of insertion and substitution errors are also improved within MIE and MSE criteria, which lead to additional word error rate reduction after the rejection.
Bibliographic reference. Shin, Sunghwan / Jung, Ho-Young / Juang, Biing-Hwang (2011): "Individual error minimization learning framework and its applications to speech recognition and utterance verification", In INTERSPEECH-2011, 1713-1716.