A new method for inferring specific stochastic grammars is presented. The process called Hybrid Model Learner (HML) applies entropy rate to guide the agglomeration process of type ab->c. Each rule derived from the input sequence is associated with a certain entropy-rate difference. A grammar automatically inferred from an example sequence can be used to detect and recognize similar structures in unknown sequences. Two important schools of thought, that of structuralism and the other of 'stochasticism' are discussed, including how these two have met and are influencing current statistical learning methods. It is argued that syntactic methods may provide universal tools to model and describe structures from the very elementary level of signals up to the highest one, that of language.
Bibliographic reference. Laine, Unto K. (2011): "Entropy-rate driven inference of stochastic grammars", In INTERSPEECH-2011, 2489-2492.