13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Portland, OR, USA
September 9-13, 2012

Physiological and Acoustic Study of Word Initial Post-lexical Gemination in Moroccan Arabic

Chakir Zeroual (1,2), Diamantis Gafos (3), Phil Hoole (4), John Esling (5)

(1) Faculté Polydisciplinaire de Taza, Taza, Morocco
(2) Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie, CNRS-UMR7018 & Sorbonne-Nouvelle, Paris, France
(3) University of Postdam, Germany
(4) Institut für Phonetik und Sprachverarbeitung, University of Munich, Germany
(5) University of Victoria, Canada

With the EMA technique we showed that post-lexical word initial [dd] of Moroccan Arabic is produced by our three speakers with a longer acoustic duration and articulatory gesture compared to its initial [d] cognate. The tongue tip gesture during initial [dd] and [d] generally have statistically similar height and amplitude. For two speakers, no significant velocity differences were recorded between [dd] and [d]. Our articulatory observations also show no C-center effect between [d(d)] and [u] in the [d(d)uda] items, which is in accord with the study of Shaw et al. (2009) on word initial [Ci], [CjCi] and [CkCjCi] clusters in MA which they use as an argument against complex onset in this language. Our results seem to show that initial hetero-morphemic geminate [dd] is a cluster of two hetero-syllabic consonants.

Index Terms: EMA, Moroccan Arabic, germination, kinematic, temporal coordination, C-center effect.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Zeroual, Chakir / Gafos, Diamantis / Hoole, Phil / Esling, John (2012): "Physiological and acoustic study of word initial post-lexical gemination in Moroccan Arabic", In INTERSPEECH-2012, 907-910.