One of the most popular approaches to parameter adaptation in hidden Markov model (HMM) based systems is the maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR) technique. In our previous work, we proposed factored MLLR (FMLLR) where an MLLR parameter is defined as a function of a control parameter vector. We presented a method to train the FMLLR parameters based on a general framework of the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm. To show the effectiveness, we applied the FMLLR to adapt the spectral envelope feature of the reading-style speech to those of the singing voice. In this paper, we apply the FMLLR to the HMM-based expressive speech synthesis task and compare its performance with conventional approaches. In a series of experimental results, the FMLLR shows better performance than conventional methods.
Index Terms: MLLR, MRHSMM, Factored MLLR, expressive speech synthesis, HMM-based speech synthesis
Bibliographic reference. Sung, June Sig / Hong, Doo Hwa / Koo, Hyun Woo / Kim, Nam Soo (2012): "Factored MLLR adaptation algorithm for HMM-based expressive TTS", In INTERSPEECH-2012, 975-978.