13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Portland, OR, USA
September 9-13, 2012

Judging Temporal Onset Differences for Concurrent Vowels: Results for Young, Middleaged, and Older Adults

Daniel Fogerty (1), Diane Kewley-Port (2), Larry E. Humes (2)

(1) Dept. of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
(2) Dept. of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA

Temporal processing abilities generally decline with age. These temporal processing declines may reduce the ability of older listeners to use temporal cues for spoken language processing, such as for segregating multiple talkers. A concurrent vowel paradigm was used to examine categorization judgments for young, middle-aged, and older listeners based on temporal onset differences. Listeners categorized vowel pairs varying in temporal asynchrony as one sound, two overlapping sounds, or two sounds separated by a gap. The two boundaries separating the three response categories were determined for each listener. These boundaries were related to the categorization of multiple events (multiplicity) and presence of a silent gap (gap-identification). Compared to young and middle-aged listeners, older listeners required longer temporal offsets for multiplicity judgment. Middle-aged and older listeners also required longer offsets than young listeners for gapidentification. For older listeners, correlations with various temporal processing tasks indicated that vowel temporal-order thresholds were related to multiplicity, while age and non-speech gap-detection thresholds were related to gap-identification.

Index Terms: speech perception, speech acoustics, noise vocoding, fundamental frequency, consonant-vowel ratio

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Fogerty, Daniel / Kewley-Port, Diane / Humes, Larry E. (2012): "Judging temporal onset differences for concurrent vowels: results for young, middleaged, and older adults", In INTERSPEECH-2012, 2498-2501.