This paper addresses text-independent speaker identification (SI) based on line spectral frequencies (LSFs). The LSFs are transformed to differential LSFs (¢LSF) in order to exploit their boundary and ordering properties. We show that the square root of ¢LSF has interesting directional characteristics implying that their distribution can be modeled by a mixture of von-Mises Fisher (vMF) distributions. We analytically estimate the mixture model parameters in a fully Bayesian treatment by using variational inference. In the Bayesian inference, we can potentially determine the model complexity and avoid overfitting problem associated with conventional approaches based on the expectation maximization. The experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed SI system.
Bibliographic reference. Taghia, Jalil / Ma, Zhanyu / Leijon, Arne (2013): "On von-mises fisher mixture model in text-independent speaker identification", In INTERSPEECH-2013, 2499-2503.