Speech Prosody 2002

Aix-en-Provence, France
April 11-13, 2002

Stød and Length: Acoustic and Cognitive Reality?

Nina Grønnum (1), Hans Basbøll (2)

(1) Department of General and Applied Linguistics, Copenhagen University, Denmark
(2) Institute of Language and Communication, University of Southern Denmark and The Danish Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities

Three questions in the analysis of Danish stød are addressed. (1) We try and establish an acoustic reality behind a proposed phonological analysis of consonants with stød as long (moraic) in opposition to short stødless (non-moraic) consonants and fail. (2) Vowels with stød are phonologically long; they are proposed also to be bi-moraic, with the second mora carrying the stød. We confirm the acoustic reality of length, but a moderate tendency only to acoustic bi-partition. (3) In a perceptual experiment vowels with stød were paired with long stødless vowels by half the subjects, whereas the other half paired syllables with stød, irrespective of vowel length. This is a good point of departure for an experiment to find out whether vowels with stød are cognitively bi-partite.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Grønnum, Nina / Basbøll, Hans (2002): "St&# 24;d and length: acoustic and cognitive reality?", In SP-2002, 355-358.