Speech Prosody 2006
The special structure of spoken language is often described as .ill-formed. but this paper shows that it is ideally suited to the simultaneous expression of (a) propositional content (i.e., linguistic information) and (b) speaker-state, discourse management cues, and speaker-listener-relationships (i.e., affective information). This paper shows that by the frequent insertion of so-called "fillers" and other repetitive fragments, the speaker provides the listener with constant reference points for evaluating affective states as displayed by voice-quality information.
Bibliographic reference. Campbell, Nick (2006): "On the structure of spoken language", In SP-2006, paper 270.