Speech Prosody 2008
The NAM-to-speech conversion proposed by Toda and colleagues which converts Non-Audible Murmur (NAM) to audible speech by statistical mapping trained using aligned corpora is a very promising technique, but its performance is still insufficient, mainly due to the difficulty in estimating F0 of the transformed voice from unvoiced speech. In this paper, we propose a method to improve F0 estimation and voicing decision in a NAM-to-speech conversion system based on Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM) applied to whispered speech. Instead of combining voicing decision and F0 estimation in a single GMM, a simple feed-forward neural network is used to detect voiced segments in the whisper while a GMM estimates a continuous melodic contour based on training voiced segments. The error rate for the voiced/unvoiced decision of the network is 6.8% compared to 9.2% with the original system. Our proposal benefits also to F0 estimation error.
Bibliographic reference. Tran, Viet-Anh / Bailly, Gérard / Loevenbruck, Hélène / Toda, Tomoki (2008): "Predicting F0 and voicing from NAM-captured whispered speech", In SP-2008, 107-110.