Speech Prosody 2008

Campinas, Brazil
May 6-9, 2008

Non-Rising Questions in North Kyeongsang Korean

Hye-Sook Lee

Department of Linguistics, Cornell University, USA

This paper investigates interrogative intonation in North Kyeongsang Korean, a pitch accent language making use of final particles. A production study shows that yes/no questions do not have rising intonation, in contrast to impressionistic observations in the literature. Moreover, a perception study shows that the perceptual distinction between yes/no questions and statements is fairly sharp, despite relatively small acoustic differences between them. High pitch is strongly associated with the percept of yes/no questions, which supports the Strong Universalist Hypothesis [1]. Finally, no consistent effect is found between the presence/absence of question particles and intonational realization.


  1. Ladd, D. R., 1981. On Intonational Universals. In T. Myers et al. (eds.), The Cognitive Representation of Speech. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Lee, Hye-Sook (2008): "Non-rising questions in North Kyeongsang Korean", In SP-2008, 241-244.