Speech Prosody 2010

Chicago, IL, USA
May 10-14, 2010

Phonetic Realization of Contrastive Focus in Korean

Yong-cheol Lee (1), Yi Xu (2)

(1) Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, USA
(2) Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London, UK

It has been observed that a focused item in Korean is by and large realized with higher pitch, longer duration and greater intensity. But it is not fully clear how much focus affects the pre-focus and post-focus regions. The present study examines the full scale of focus effect in Korean in pre-focus, on-focus and post-focus words. Results show that focused words have significantly increased F0, duration and intensity, post-focus words have significantly reduced F0, duration and intensity, but pre-focus words lack systematic changes in any of these parameters. Thus Korean seems to resemble languages like English and Mandarin that exhibit post-focus compression (PFC), but differ from Taiwanese and Cantonese where PFC has been found to be absent.

Index Terms: pre-focus, on-focus, post-focus, duration, F0, intensity, post-focus compression, PFC

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Lee, Yong-cheol / Xu, Yi (2010): "Phonetic realization of contrastive focus in Korean", In SP-2010, paper 033.