Speech Prosody 2010
Chicago, IL, USA
Three factors that have been argued to influence the prosody of an utterance are (i) which constituents encode discourse-salient information; (ii) which constituents are contrastive and evoke alternatives; and (iii) which constituents interact with the meaning of focus operators such as only (i.e., they associate' with focus). One challenge for a better understanding of the prosodic effects of these factors has been the difficulty of finding a way to evaluate hypotheses quantitatively, since individual variation in productions is often large enough to wash out experimental effects. In this paper, we apply a methodology introduced in  which regresses out subject and item variation, uncovering otherwise hidden prosodic patterns, and show how the three factors interact in sentences containing single or multiple foci.
Index Terms: prosody, focus association, givenness, prominence, production
Bibliographic reference. Wagner, Michael / Breen, M. / Flemming, E. / Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie / Gibson, E. (2010): "Prosodic effects of discourse salience and association with focus", In SP-2010, paper 239.