Speech Prosody 2010

Chicago, IL, USA
May 10-14, 2010

Acquisition of Focus by Normal Hearing and Cochlear Implanted Children: The Role of Musical Experience

Ritva Torppa (1), Andrew Faulkner (2), Juhani Järvikivi (3,4), Martti Vainio (4)

(1) Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Division of Psychology, CBRU, Finnish Center of Excellence in Interdisciplinary Music Research
(2) Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London
(3) Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
(4) Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Phonetics and Speech Synthesis Research Group, University of Helsinki, Finland

Two experiments investigated the perception of compound vs. phrasal stress and narrow focus in normally hearing children and children with Cochlear Implants (CI). Additionally, we investigated whether musical experience would predict children's performance in these tasks. The results showed no difference between CI and normal-hearing (NH) children in either experiment. However, whereas we found no clear effect of age in the children's stress detection, there was a clear age related trajectory in the ability to recognise (narrow) focus. Moreover, this trend was similar to what has been found previously for English children. Importantly, prior music experience was significantly linked to CI children's perception of focus.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Torppa, Ritva / Faulkner, Andrew / Järvikivi, Juhani / Vainio, Martti (2010): "Acquisition of focus by normal hearing and cochlear implanted children: the role of musical experience", In SP-2010, paper 977.