The 4th International Symposium on Tonal Aspects of Languages
Nijmegen, The Netherlands
A compositional theory of English intonational meaning is presented that is derived from Gussenhovens  biological codes. The resulting theory is compared to the more top-down approaches to focus and contrastive topic in the literature, suggesting how such stipulated semantic/pragmatic notions as alternative and strategy can be grounded and revealing how they might be amended.
Index Terms: Intonational meaning, biological codes, pragmatics, topic and focus.
Bibliographic reference. Westera, Matthijs (2014): "Grounding topic and focus in biological codes", In TAL-2014, 134-137.