Intonation: Theory, Models, and Applications
Ten Greek and thirteen Swedish listeners were asked to identify focus in a perceptual experiment with tonal manipulations in a reference ~ target experimental procedure for each language. The results indicate: 1. Listeners can reliably identify focal structures but not neutral ones. 2. Structural tonal manipulations have a bigger perceptual effect than tonal-range ones. 3. Focal tonal shifts have a categorical effect and override the conflicting cues of duration and intensity in Greek but not in Swedish. 4. Tonal neutralisations have a categorical effect in Swedish but not in Greek. In summary, tonal manipulations have a major perceptual effect for focus in both languages but in different ways.
Bibliographic reference. Botinis, Antonis / Bannert, Robert (1997): "Tonal perception of focus in Greek and Swedish", In INT-1997, 47-50.