Intonation: Theory, Models, and Applications

Athens, Greece
September 18-20, 1997


The Realization of Types of Tone in Different Positions of Utterances in MPUR (West Papuan Phylum): An Experimental Phonetic Analysis

Cecilia Ode

Irian Jaya Studies, Leiden, The Netherlands

An analysis of the realizations of types of tone in different positions of declarative utterances in Mpur, an unwritten language with perceptually five lexical tone contrasts, will be discussed. In a production experiment, words representing each of the five tones, pronounced in isolation and in initial, central and final position in short declarative utterances by speakers differing in dialectal background, were recorded. For the analysis, sixty items were selected (5 words in 4 positions by 3 speakers), measured (pitch, duration) and stylized, using the stylization method. For each of the target words, phonetic correlates of tone realized in one position were compared to those realized a) in the other positions per speaker (one and the same word in four different positions); b) in the same position between speakers (one and the same word in one and the same position). The results show similarities and differences in realizations of the five types of tone in the four positions.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Ode, Cecilia (1997): "The realization of types of tone in different positions of utterances in MPUR (west papuan phylum): an experimental phonetic analysis", In INT-1997, 263-266.