Second ESCA/IEEE Workshop on Speech Synthesis
September 12-15, 1994
Procedures are described for rule-based synthesis of segmental aspects of an utterance using a formant synthesizer controlled by higher-level (HL) parameters. The rules for segmental synthesis are described in terms of: (1) the formation and release of a consonantal constriction; (2) the actions of the secondary articulators of the glottis, the velopharyngeal opening, active pharyngeal expansion or contraction, and consonant- induced changes in fundamental frequency; and (3) rules specifying formant parameters related to tongue-body movements and lip rounding. Several examples of synthesis based on this production model are given.
Bibliographic reference. Bickley, Corine A. / Stevens, Kenneth N. / Williams, David R. (1994): "A framework for synthesis of segments based on articulatory parameters", In SSW2-1994, 13-16.