Speaker Direction-of-Arrival Estimation Based on Frequency-Independent Beampattern

Feng Guo, Yuhang Cao, Zheng Liu, Jiaen Liang, Baoqing Li, Xiaobing Yuan

The differential microphone array (DMA) becomes more and more popular recently. In this paper, we derive the relationship between the direction-of-arrival (DoA) and DMA’s frequency-independent beampatterns. The derivation demonstrates that the DoA can be yielded by solving a trigonometric polynomial. Taking the dipoles as a special case of this relationship, we propose three methods to estimate the DoA based on the dipoles. However, we find these methods are vulnerable to the axial directions under the reverberation environment. Fortunately, they can complement each other owing to their robustness to different angles. Hence, to increase the robustness to the reverberation, we proposed another new approach by combining the advantages of these three dipole-based methods for the speaker DoA estimation. Both simulations and experiments show that the proposed method not only outperforms the traditional methods for small aperture array but also is much more computationally efficient with avoiding the spatial spectrum search.

 DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-229

Cite as: Guo, F., Cao, Y., Liu, Z., Liang, J., Li, B., Yuan, X. (2017) Speaker Direction-of-Arrival Estimation Based on Frequency-Independent Beampattern. Proc. Interspeech 2017, 1899-1903, DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2017-229.

  author={Feng Guo and Yuhang Cao and Zheng Liu and Jiaen Liang and Baoqing Li and Xiaobing Yuan},
  title={Speaker Direction-of-Arrival Estimation Based on Frequency-Independent Beampattern},
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2017},