The Effect of Focus and Prosodic Boundary on the Two T3 sandhi in Northeastern Mandarin

Ping Cui, Jianjing Kuang, Yunjia Wang


Northeastern Mandarin has a similar tonal system as Beijing Mandarin. However, their disyllabic tone sandhi patterns are different. T3 becomes a mid-rising tone like T2 when it is followed by T1 or T3 in Northeastern Mandarin. Recently it has been found that in Beijing Mandarin syllable stress and prosodic boundary have an effect on T3 sandhi. In this study, we ask if the prominence of T3 bearing syllable and prosodic boundary affect the acoustic realization of the two types of T3 sandhi in Northeastern Mandarin. Do T3-sandhi before T1 and T3-sandhi before T3 have the same phonetic realization? Overall results show that the underlying citation form of T3 is better retained in sandhi contexts when i) the syllable that bears T3 is focused, and ii) strong prosodic boundary is present within T3T3 and T3T1. In addition, there is also a difference between T3T3 and T3T1. T3-sandhi before T3 can cross the larger prosodic boundary, though it is still conditioned by the stress of the syllable. However, T3-sandhi before T1 cannot span the strong prosodic boundary, regardless of its syllable stress. The results also imply that the acoustic realization of T3 sandhi is gradient and continuous.


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-52

Cite as: Cui, P., Kuang, J., Wang, Y. (2020) The Effect of Focus and Prosodic Boundary on the Two T3 sandhi in Northeastern Mandarin. Proc. 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020, 255-259, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-52.


@inproceedings{Cui2020,
  author={Ping Cui and Jianjing Kuang and Yunjia Wang},
  title={{The Effect of Focus and Prosodic Boundary on the Two T3 sandhi in Northeastern Mandarin}},
  year=2020,
  booktitle={Proc. 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020},
  pages={255--259},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-52},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-52}
}