Acoustic-Prosodic and Articulatory Characteristics of the Mandarin Speech Conveying Dominance or Submissiveness

Puyang Geng, Wentao Gu, Keith Johnson, Donna Erickson


This study investigated the coding strategy for the speech conveying two opposing attitudes, i.e., dominance and submissiveness, based on the utterances elicited by role-play dialogues. Using an electromagnetic articulography (EMA), we collected audio signals and kinematic data of the articulators (including tongue and lips) from 33 native speakers of Mandarin. For dominant speech, prosodic analysis showed a wider F0 range, a higher intensity, and a faster speech rate, while articulatory analysis exhibited a wider range of tongue vertical movement, a larger lip protrusion, and a larger lip opening than in submissive speech. Results indicate that both prosody and segmental articulation play roles in encoding dominant/submissive attitudes. Dominant speech is characterized not only with a vocal tract expansion (both horizontally and vertically) which supports the frequency code hypothesis, but also with prosodic intensification and hyper-articulation of tongue, in comparison to submissive speech.


 DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-87

Cite as: Geng, P., Gu, W., Johnson, K., Erickson, D. (2020) Acoustic-Prosodic and Articulatory Characteristics of the Mandarin Speech Conveying Dominance or Submissiveness. Proc. 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020, 424-428, DOI: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-87.


@inproceedings{Geng2020,
  author={Puyang Geng and Wentao Gu and Keith Johnson and Donna Erickson},
  title={{Acoustic-Prosodic and Articulatory Characteristics of the Mandarin Speech Conveying Dominance or Submissiveness}},
  year=2020,
  booktitle={Proc. 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020},
  pages={424--428},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-87},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.21437/SpeechProsody.2020-87}
}