Table of Contents
EUROSPEECH-1991] Second European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '91), Genove, Italy, September 24-26, 1991; ISCA Archive, http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/eurospeech_1991
Names written in boldface refer to first authors, in CAPITAL letters to keynote and invited papers. Full papers can be accessed from the abstracts (ISCA members only). Please note that each abstract opens in a separate window.
A B C DE F G H I K L M N O P QR S T UV W XYZ
Assessment Assessment, Intelligibility and Aids for Disabled Auditory Modelling
Automatic Speech Recognition: Algorithms I-III Automatic Speech Recognition: Applications
Automatic Speech Recognition: Hardware and Noise Reduction Continuous Speech Recognition
Dialogue and Translation Discriminant Training and Speaker Adaptation
Generation of Prosody Human Factors Modelling Duration in Speech
Multilingual Speech Recognition Systems (Special Session)
Natural Language Processing Neural Nets I, II
Neural Nets: Comparative Studies, Lexical Recognition
Neural Nets: Phonetic Features, Phoneme Recognition, and Time Alignment
Phonetic Modelling Phonetics I, II
Pitch Determination and Voice Separation Parsing and Lexical Access Perception I, II
Probabilistic Language Models for Speech Recognition
Robust Isolated Word Recognition
Segmental Speech Synthesis Segmentation Speaker Identification and Verification
Speech Analysis and Signal Representation Speech Coding I-IV
Speech Databases, Analysis And Assessment
Speech Interfaces: Dialogue and Human Factors Speech Interfaces: Systems and Applications
Speech Processing and Analysis Speech Recognition and Phonetic Modelling
Speech Recognition: Stochastic Modelling Speech Recognition: Understanding Systems
Speech Synthesis and Prosody Speech Synthesis: Techniques and Applications
Speech Understanding and Dialogue Spoken Language Parsing
Sub-Lexical Unit Modelling Sub-Word Units for Automatic Speech Recognition
Symbolic Processing in Speech Synthesis Text-to-Speech Synthesis Systems
Furui, Sadaoki: "Recent advances in speech recognition", 3-12.
Fallside, Frank: "On the acquisition of speech by machines, ASM", 13-14.
Ramesh, P. / Wilpon, Jay G. / McGee, M. A. / Roe, David B. / Lee, Chin-Hui / Rabiner, Lawrence R.: "Speaker independent recognition of spontaneously spoken connected digits", 17-20.
Gopalakrishnan, P. S. / Nahamoo, David: "Immediate recognition of embedded command words", 21-24.
Wilcox, Lynn D. / Bush, Marcia A.: "HMM-based wordspotting for voice editing and indexing", 25-28.
Baker, Janet M.: "Large vocabulary speaker-adaptive continuous speech recognition research overview at dragon systems", 29-32.
Sgardoni, Victoria / Gaganelis, Dimitrios A. / Frangoulis, Eleftherios D.: "Continuous density HMM context dependent phones for speech recognition over the telephone", 33-36.
Shirai, Katsuhiko / Hashimoto, K. / Kobayashi, T.: "Text-to-speech synthesizer using superposition of sinusoidal waves generated by synchronized oscillators", 39-42.
Guerti, M. / Bailly, G.: "Synthesis-by-rule using compost: modelling resonance trajectories", 43-46.
Ishikawa, Yasushi / Nakajima, Kunio: "Neural network based spectral interpolation method for speech synthesis by rule", 47-50.
Garnier-Rizet, Marine: "A rule-based segmental synthesis module for French", 51-54.
Fraser, Norman M. / Gilbert, G. Nigel: "Effects of system voice quality on user utterances in speech dialogue systems", 57-60.
Day, P. / Grünupp, A. / Muthig, K.-P.: "A human factors study of speech-to-text technology: consequences of discrete speech", 61-64.
Murray, Iain R. / Arnott, John L. / Newell, Alan E.: "A comparison of document composition using a listening typewriter and conventional office systems", 65-68.
Vossen, Paulus H.: "Evaluating speech input and output in a CAD-system using the hidden-operator method", 69-72.
Zajicek, M. / Hewitt, J.: "Mixed mode input for a standard wordprocessor. investigating links between input mode, speech and keyboard, and specific task areas", 73-76.
Lockwood, P. / Boudy, J.: "Experiments with a non-linear spectral subtractor (NSS), hidden Markov models and the projection, for robust speech recognition in cars", 79-82.
Lockwood, P. / Baillargeat, C. / Gillot, J. M. / Boudy, J. / Faucon, G.: "Noise reduction for speech enhancement in cars: non-linear spectral subtraction / kalman filtering", 83-86.
Fellbaum, Klaus / Becker, Dieter: "Isolated word recognition with integrated noise reduction", 87-90.
Hernando, Javier / Nadeu, Climent: "A comparative study of parameters and distances for noisy speech recognition", 91-94.
Laaksonen, Jorma T.: "A new reliability-based phoneme segmentation method for the "neural" phonetic typewriter", 97-100.
Apolloni, Bruno / Pazienti, Francesco / Trotta, Vincenzo: "Isolated word adaptive recognizer based on neural networks", 101-104.
Hataoka, Nobuo / Waibel, Alex H.: "Evaluation of speaker-independent phoneme recognition on TIMIT database using TDNNs", 105-108.
Morgan, Nelson / Bourlard, Hervé / Wooters, C. / Kohn, Phil / Cohen, M.: "Phonetic context in hybrid HMM/MLP continuous speech recognition", 109-112.
Andrews, E. C. / Mason, J. S.: "Neural network classification of complex-valued speech features", 113-116.
Norris, Dennis: "Rewiring lexical networks on the fly", 117-120.
Elenius, K. / Takacs, G.: "Phoneme recognition with an artificial neural network", 121-124.
Jianxin, Jiang / Kechu, Yi / Zheng, Hu: "A new self-organization algorithm of forming a phoneme map", 125-128.
Ran, Shuping / Millar, J. Bruce: "Phoneme classification using neural networks based on acoustic-phonetic structure", 129-132.
Dodd, Nigel / Macfarlane, Donald / Marland, Chris: "Networks for speech recognition structurally optimised by genetic techniques implemented on parallel hardware", 133-136.
Pittam, J. / Ingram, J.: "Influence of vietnamese tone and prosody on the acquisition of English stress patterns", 139-142.
Sendlmeier, Walter F.: "The voiced/unvoiced distinction of initial stops by normal and hearing impaired listeners", 143-146.
Nathan, Krishna S.: "Comparison of formant transition based stop classifiers: time-varying and time-invariant signal models", 147-150.
Benoît, Christian / Abry, Christian / Roe, L. J.: "The effect of context on labiality in French", 151-156.
Datta, A. K. / Ganguli, N. R. / Mukherjee, B.: "Nasalisation in bengali speech sounds acoustic-phonetic study", 157-160.
Ganguli, N. R.: "Vowel formant frequency distribution of a major indian language", 161-164.
Harmegnies, Bernard / Bruyninckx, M. / Llisterri, Joaquim / Poch, Dolors: "Effects of language change on voice quality in bilingual speakers, corpus content effect", 165-168.
Shevchenko, T. I. / Skopintseva, T. S.: "Effects of social and regional backgrounds on LTAS in british English", 169-172.
Heuvel, Henk van den / Cranen, Bert / Rietveld, Toni: "Speaker related variability in the durations of dutch speech segments", 251-254.
Liljencrants, Johan: "Numerical simulations of glottal flow", 255-258.
Jansen, Joop / Cranen, Bert / Boves, Louis: "Modelling of source characteristics of speech sounds by means of the LF-model", 259-262.
Herzel, H. / Wendler, J.: "Evidence of chaos in phonatory samples", 263-266.
Van, L. Trinh / Guérin, Bernard / Castelli, E.: "Source-tract coupling and the subglottal system in an articulatory synthesizer", 267-270.
Bamberg, Paul / Demedts, Anne / Elder, John / Huang, Caroline / Ingold, Charles / Mandel, Mark / Manganaro, Linda / Even, Stijn van: "Phoneme-based training for large-vocabulary recognition in six european languages", 175-182.
Cerf-Danon, Helene / DeGennaro, Steven / Ferretti, Marco / Gonzalez, Jorge / Keppel, Eric: "1. 0 TANGORA - a large vocabulary speech recognition system for five languages", 183-192.
Ney, Hermann / Billi, Roberto: "Prototype systems for large-vocabulary speech recognition: polyglot and spicos", 193-200.
Wright, J. H.: "Adaptation of grammar-based language models for continuous speech recognition", 203-206.
Su, Keh-Yih / Chiang, Tung-Hui / Lin, Yi-Chung: "A robustness and discrimination oriented score function for integrating speech and language processing", 207-210.
Baggia, Paolo / Fissore, Lorenzo / Gerbino, E. / Giachin, Egidio P. / Rullent, C.: "Improving speech understanding performance through feedback verification", 211-214.
Corazza, A. / Mori, Renato De / Gretter, R. / Satta, G.: "Computation of upper-bounds for island-driven stochastic parsers", 215-218.
Andry, Francois / Thornton, Simon: "A parser for speech lattices using a UCG grammar", 219-222.
Young, Sheryl / Matessa, Michael: "Using pragmatic and semantic knowledge to correct parsing of spoken language utterances", 223-227.
Abrantes, A. J. / Marques, J. S. / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "Hybrid sinusoidal modeling of speech without voicing decision", 231-234.
Marques, J. S. / Trancoso, Isabel M. / Abrantes, A. J.: "Harmonic coding of speech: an experimental study", 235-238.
Rowe, David / Cowley, William / Perkis, Andrew: "A multiband excitation linear predictive speech coder", 239-242.
Leung, S. H. / Lai, K. L. / Wong, O. Y. / Luk, A.: "A new coded excitation model using multifrequency decomposition", 245-248.
Sereno, Daniele: "Frame substitution and adaptive post-filtering in speech coding", 595-598.
Atungsiri, S. A. / Soheili, R. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "Effective lost speech frame reconstruction for CELP coders", 599-602.
Nagabuchi, Hiromi / Kitawaki, Nobuhiko: "Evaluation and improvement of coded speech quality degraded by cell loss in ATM networks", 603-606.
Vigier, Alain J.: "Combined source-channel coding for a very noisy channed", 607-610.
Rosina, G. / Agostino, M. Sant' / Turco, E. / Vetrano, L.: "Testing and quality enhancement of the GSM full rate voice channel", 611-614.
Kipper, U. / Reininger, Herbert / Wolf, Dietrich: "Low bit rate speech coding using CELP with adaptive excitation codebook", 893-896.
Fuldseth, A. / Harborg, E. / Johansen, F. T. / Knudsen, J. E.: "A real-time implementable 7 khz speech coder at 16 kbit/s", 897-900.
Zarkadis, D. J.: "Adaptive spectral weighting for vector predictive coding of the LPC-spectra", 901-904.
Saoudi, Samir / Boucher, J. Marc / Guyader, Alain Le: "Medium band speech coding using optimal scalar quantization of LSP", 905-908.
Seeker, Philip / Perkis, Andrew: "Joint source and channel coding of line spectrum pairs", 909-912.
Chan, C. F. / Law, K. W.: "An algorithm for computing LSP frequencies directly from the reflection coefficients", 913-916.
Meyer, Peter / Peters, W. / Paulus, J.: "Variable rate speech coding using perceptive thresholds and adaptive VUS detection", 809-812.
Suddle, M. R. / Atungsiri, S. A. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "A secure and robust CELP coder for land and satellite mobile systems", 813-816.
Ribeiro, C. M. / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "A 4. 8 kbps celp coder with post-processing", 817-820.
Law, K. W. / Wong, O. Y. / Chan, C. F.: "A real-time high quality joint-excitation linear predictive coder at 8 kbps", 821-824.
Deiacovo, Rosario Drogo / Montagna, Roberto: "Some experiments in perceptual masking of quantizing noise in analysis-by-synthesis speech coders", 825-828.
Yang, Gao / Leich, Kenri / Boite, René: "A very high-quality CELP coder at the rate of 2400 bps", 829-832.
Liu, Z. Yong: "An effective pulse adaptive code-excited linear predictive coder at 4kb/S", 835-838.
Chan, C. F. / Leung, S. H.: "A vocoder using high-order LPC filter with very few non-zero coefficients", 839-842.
Rossi, Mario / Espesser, Robert / Pavlovic, Chaslav: "The effects of in internal reference system and cross-modality matching on the subjective rating of speech synthesisers", 273-276.
Sydeserff, H. A. / Caley, R. J. / Isard, Stephen D. / Jack, Mervyn A. / Monaghan, Alex I. C. / Verhoeven, J.: "Evaluation of speech synthesis techniques in a comprehension task", 277-280.
Howard-Jones, P. A.: "'SOAP' - a speech output assessment package for controlled multilingual evaluation of synthetic speech", 281-284.
Houtgast, Tammo / Verhave, Jan A.: "A physical approach to speech quality assessment: correlation patterns in the speech spectrogram", 285-288.
Miyata, H. / Houtgast, Tammo: "Weighted MTF for predicting speech intelligibility in reverberant sound fields", 289-292.
Jekosch, Ute: "Speech intelligibility studies for the european hermes spaceplane", 293-296.
Wei, Jianing / Faulkner, Andrew / Fourcin, Adrian: "An application of speech processing and encoding scheme for Chinese lexical tone and consonant perception by hearing impaired listeners", 299-302.
Kanevsky, D. / Gopalakrishan, P. / Danis, C. / Daggett, G. / Epstein, E. / Nahamoo, David: "On the development of a phone communication aid for the hearing impaired", 303-306.
Anglade, Yolande / Pierrel, Jean-Marie / Junqua, Jean-Claude: "A spoken language interface for a telephone switchboard operator center", 307-310.
Murray, Iain R. / Arnott, John L. / Alm, Norman / Newell, Alan F.: "A communication system for the disabled with emotional synthetic speech produced by rule", 311-314.
Portele, Thomas / Steffan, Birgit / Preuß, Rainer / Hess, Wolfgang: "German speech synthesis by concatenation of non-parametric units", 317-320.
Abbattista, Giuseppe / Riccio, Antonello / Mumolo, Enzo: "Automatic document reader with speech output capabilities", 321-324.
King, R. W.: "Tools and processes for developing low-cost and high-quality text-to-speech synthesis for communication aids", 325-329.
Hermansky, Hynek / Anthony Cox Jr., Louis: "Perceptual linear predictive (PLP) analysis-resynthesis technique", 329-332.
Greisbach, Reinhold / Kröger, Bernd J. / Esser, O. / Plaßmann, G.: "A display technique for measurements of natural and synthetic articulatory dynamics", 333-336.
Chang, Yueh-Chin / Lee, Yi-Fan / Shia, Bang-Er / Wang, Hsiao-Chuan: "Statistical models for the Chinese text-to-speech system", 337-340.
Taylor, P. A. / Nairn, I. A. / Sutherland, A. M. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "A realtime speech synthesis system", 341-344.
Valbret, H. / Moulines, E. / Tubach, Jean-Pierre: "Voice tranformation using PSOLA technique", 345-348.
Giustiniani, M. / Pierucci, Piero: "Phonetic ergodic HMM for speech synthesis", 349-352.
Delogu, C. / Paoloni, P. / Pocci, P. / Sementina, C.: "Quality evaluation of text-to-speech synthesizers using magnitude estimation, categorical estimation, pair comparison and reaction time methods", 353-356.
Zingte, H. / Hennebois, Cl.: "Helping young children to associate sounds and letters through speech synthesis", 357-360.
Bourlard, Herve: "Neural nets and hidden Markov models: review and generalizations", 363-369.
Jayant, N. S. / Johnston, J. D. / Shoham, Y.: "Coding of wideband speech", 373-379.
Pieraccini, Roberto / Levin, Esther: "Stochastic representation of semantic structure for speech understanding", 383-386.
Matheson, Colin / McInnes, Fergus R.: "Incorporating probabilities into the dualgram language model", 387-390.
Giachin, Egidio P.: "A dynamic programming based framework for stochastic spoken language understanding", 391-394.
Prieto, Natividad / Vidal, Enrique: "Learning language models through the ECGI method", 395-398.
Cremonini, R. / Ferretti, M. / Galimberti, M. C. / Maltese, Giulio / Mancini, Federico: "Using a generative grammar to train a probabilistic language model for speaker-independent speech recognition", 399-402.
Shirai, Katsuhiko / Kitagawa, E. / Endo, T.: "Optimal construction of context sensitive quantizer for phoneme recognition in continuous speech", 405-408.
O'Kane, M. / Kenne, P. / Landy, D. / Atkins, S.: "Generalising from single-speaker recognition in a feature-based recogniser", 409-412.
Hirsch, H. G. / Meyer, Peter / Ruehl, Hans-Wilhelm: "Improved speech recognition using high-pass filtering of subband envelopes", 413-416.
Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Comparing two phoneme identification methods using a continuous speech recognizer", 417-420.
Ederveen, D. / Boves, Louis: "Knowledge-based phoneme recognition", 421-424.
Kraayeveld, J. / Rietveld, A. C. M. / Heuven, V. J. van: "Speaker characterization in dutch using prosodic parameters", 427-430.
Hunt, Alan K.: "New commercial applications of telephone-network-based speech recognition and speaker verification", 431-434.
Bonastre, Jean-Francois / Meloni, Henri / Langlais, Philippe: "Analytical strategy for speaker identification", 435-438.
Xu, L. / Mason, J. S.: "Optimization of perceptually-based spectral transforms in speaker identification", 439-442.
Cheveigne, Alain de: "A mixed speech F0 estimation algorithm", 445-448.
Jones, Edward / Ambikairajah, Eliathamby: "A perceptually-based pitch extractor for band-limited speech", 449-452.
Gu, Yu Hua: "A robust pseudo perceptual pitch estimator", 453-456.
Degan, N. Dal / Fratti, M.: "Pitch estimation based on a "narrowed" autocorrelation function", 457-460.
Nakagawa, Seiichi / Hirata, Yoshimitsu / Murase, Isao: "The syntax-oriented spoken Japanese understanding system SPOJOS-SYNO II", 463-466.
Bergmann, H. / Hamer, H.-H. / Noll, A. / Paeseler, A. / Tomaschewski, H.: "An adaptable man-machine interface using connected-word recognition", 467-470.
Poza, M. J. / Torre, C. de la / Tapias, D. / Villarrubia, L.: "An approach to automatic recognition of keywords in unconstrained speech using parametric models", 471-474.
Hetherington, I. Lee / Leung, Hong C. / Zue, Victor W.: "Toward vocabulary-independent recognition of telephone speech", 475-478.
Cole, Ronald / Roginski, Krist / Fanty, Mark: "English alphabet recognition with telephone speech", 479-482.
Fiset, J.-Y. / Robert, J.-M. / Descout, Raymond: "Evolutionary language models in air traffic control training", 483-486.
Jones, G. J. F. / Wright, J. H. / Wrigley, E. N. / Carey, M. J. / Parris, Eluned S.: "Isolated-word sentence recognition using probabilistic context-free grammar", 487-489.
Hood, Mitchell: "Lexical access in a speech understanding and dialogue system", 490-493.
Haeb-Umbach, Reinhold / Ney, Hermann: "A look-ahead search technique for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition", 495-498.
Teixeira, Carlos J. / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "Spectral subtraction for front-end noise reduction in a speech recognizer", 499-502.
Larnel, Lori F. / Gauvain, Jean-Luc / Eskenazi, Maxine: "BREF, a large vocabulary spoken corpus for French", 505-508.
Mathan, Luc / Morin, Dominique: "Speech field databases: development and analysis", 509-512.
Itahashi, Shuichi: "Large scale Japanese dialect speech corpora", 513-516.
Vossen, Paulus H.: "Outline of a design-oriented evaluation framework for speech-driven applications", 517-520.
Winski, Richard / Kordi, Kamran: "Assessment of continuous speech recognisers using recogniser sensitivity analysis", 521-524.
Bourjot, C. / Boyer, A. / Fohr, D.: "A tool for assessment of acoustic phonetic lattices", 525-528.
Steeneken, Herman J. M. / Velden, Jeroen G. van: "Ramos - recognizer assessment by means of manipulation of speech applied to connected speech recognition", 529-532.
Alphen, Paul van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Comparing various feature vectors in automatic speech recognition", 533-536.
Zue, Victor W. / Glass, James / Goodine, David / Hirschman, Lynette / Leung, Hong C. / Phillips, Michael / Polifroni, Joseph / Seneff, Stephanie: "The MIT ATIS system; preliminary development, spontaneous speech data collection, and performance evaluation", 537-540.
Benaouicha, S. / Rajouani, A. / Zyoute, M.: "Construction of an Arabic speech data base - duration model of Arabic vowels", 541-544.
Denbigh, P. N. / Zhao, J.: "Pitch extraction and separation of overlapping speech", 545-548.
Bengio, Yoshua / Mori, Renato De / Flammia, Giovanni / Kompe, Half: "Phonetically motivated acoustic parameters for continuous speech recognition using artificial neural networks", 551-554.
Carey, Michael J. / Parris, Eluned S.: "Adapting input transformations using alpha-nets for whole word speech recognition", 555-558.
Niles, Les T.: "TIMIT phoneme recognition using an HMM-derived recurrent neural network", 559-562.
Husoy, P. O. / Svendsen, T.: "ANN-based speech recognition using a preprocessor for non-linear time compression", 563-566.
Sorensen, Helge B. D. / Hartmann, Uwe: "A self-structuring neural noise reduction model", 567-570.
Petek, Bojan / Waibel, Alex H. / Tebelskis, Joseph M.: "Integrated phoneme-function word architecture of hidden control neural networks for continuous speech recognition", 1407-1410.
Zhang, X. / Mason, J. S. / Andrews, E. C.: "Multiple dynamic features to enhance neural net based speaker verification", 1411-1414.
Haffner, Patrick / Waibel, Alex H.: "Time-delay neural networks embedding time alignment: a performance analysis", 1415-1418.
Fukuda, Yohji / Matsumoto, Haruya: "Phoneme recognition using recurrent neural networks", 1419-1423.
Komori, Yasuhiro / Hatazaki, Kaichiro: "An integration of knowledge and neural networks toward a phoneme typewriter without a language model", 1423-1426.
Hosaka, Junko / Takezawa, Toshiyuki / Ehara, Terumasa: "Utilizing empirical data for postposition classification toward spoken Japanese speech recognition", 573-576.
Phillips, Michael / Glass, James / Zue, Victor W.: "Automatic learning of lexical representations for sub-word unit based speech recognition systems", 577-580.
Lacouture, Roxane / Mori, Renato De: "Lexical tree compression", 581-584.
Riley, Michael D. / Ljolje, Andrej: "Lexical access with a statistically-derived phonetic network", 585-588.
Antoniol, G. / Brugnara, F. / Giuliani, D.: "Admissible strategies for acoustic matching with a large vocabulary", 589-592.
Macarron, Alejandro / Escalada, Gregorio / Rodriguez, Miguel Angel: "Generation of duration rules for a Spanish text-to-speech synthesizer", 617-620.
Mortamet, L.: "Implementing duration expert rules into a text-to-speech synthesis system", 621-624.
Kaiki, Nobuyoshi / Mimura, Katsuhiko / Sagisaka, Yoshinori: "Statistical modeling of segmental duration and power control for Japanese", 625-628.
Campbell, W. Nick: "Phrase-level factors affecting timing in speech", 629-632.
Karjalainen, Matti / Altosaar, Toomas: "Phoneme duration rules for speech synthesis by neural networks", 633-636.
McInnes, Fergus R.: "Context-sensitive phoneme lattice generation using interpolated demi-diphone and triphone models", 639-642.
Song, J. M. / Thomas, T. / Patel, M.: "Experiments of 991-word speaker independent continuous speech recognition on DARPA RM task", 643-646.
Meloni, Henri / Bechet, F. / Gilles, P.: "Bottom-up acoustic-phonetic decoding for the selection of word cohorts from a large vocabulary", 647-650.
Peinado, Antonio M. / Roman, Ramon / Segura, Jose C. / Rubio, Antonio J. / Garcia, Pedro / Diaz, Jesus E.: "Entropic training for HMM speech recognition", 651-654.
Kenny, P. / Parthasarathy, S. / Gupta, V. N. / Lennig, Matthew / Mermelstein, Paul / O'Shaughnessy, Douglas: "Energy, duration and Markov models", 655-658.
Nijtmans, J. J.: "A new recursive Markov model with a new state pruning approach for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition", 659-663.
McInnes, Fergus R.: "Context-sensitive phoneme lattice generation using interpolated demi-diphone and triphone models", 663-666.
Nowell, Peter / Thompson, Henry S.: "An efficient implementation of the n-best algorithm for lexical access", 667-670.
Falaschi, Alessandro / Pucci, Massimo: "Automatic derivation of HMM alternative pronunciation network topologies", 671-674.
Galiano, Isabel / Casacuberta, Francisco / Sanchis, Emilio: "On the structure of subword units for a speaker independent continuous speech task", 675-678.
Zhao, Yunxin / Wakita, Hisashi / Zhuang, Xinhua: "Generate word transcription dictionary from sentence utterances and evaluate its effect on speaker-independent continuous speech recognition", 679-682.
Varga, A. P. / Moore, Roger K.: "Simultaneous recognition of concurrent speech signals using hidden Markov model decomposition", 1175-1178.
Ballantyne, I. A. / Sutherland, A. M. / Hannah, J. M. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "A large vocabulary parallel processing continuous speech recognition system", 1179-1182.
Rose, Richard C. / Hofstetter, Edward M.: "Techniques for robust word spotting in continuous speech messages", 1183-1186.
Falaschi, Alessandro / Micozzi, Alfredo: "Word spotting by CSR through vector quantized background models", 1187-1190.
Junqua, Jean-Claude / Wakita, Hisashi: "Towards an artificial laboratory for the design and simulation of cooperative speech processing algorithms", 1191-1194.
Edwards, K. / McInnes, Fergus R. / Jack, Mervyn A.: "Accent specific modifications for continuous speech recognition based on a sub-word lattice approach", 1195-1198.
Lleida, Eduardo / Marino, Jose B. / Nadeu, Climent / Oliveras, Albert: "Two level continuous speech recognition using demisyllable-based HMM word spotting", 1199-1202.
Applebaum, Ted H. / Hanson, Brian A.: "Tradeoffs in the design of regression features for word recognition", 1203-1206.
Bahl, Lalit R. / Brown, Peter F. / Souza, Peter V. de / Mercer, Robert L. / Nahamoo, David: "A fast algorithm for deleted interpolation", 1209-1212.
Franzini, Michael A. / Waibel, Alex H. / Lee, Kai-Fu: "Recent work in continuous speech recognition using the connectionist viterbi training procedure", 1213-1216.
Steinbiss, Volker: "A search organization for large-vocabulary recognition based on n-best decoding", 1217-1220.
Gong, Yifan / Haton, Jean-Paul: "VINICS: a continuous speech recognizer based on a new robust formulation", 1221-1224.
Sagayama, Shigeki: "A matrix representation of HMM-based speech recognition algorithms", 1225-1228.
Dalsgaard, Paul / Andersen, Ove / Barry, William: "Multi-lingual acoustic-phonetic features for a number of european languages", 685-688.
Kabre, H. / Pérénnou, Guy / Vigouroux, Nadine: "A non-linear filtering method applied to automatic segmentation of multilingual speech corpora", 689-692.
Cosi, Piero / Falavigna, Daniele / Omologo, Maurizio: "A preliminary statistical evaluation of manual and automatic segmentation discrepancies", 693-696.
McQueen, J. M. / Briscoe, E. J.: "A computational tool for examining lexical segmentation in continuous speech", 697-700.
Schmidt, M. S. / Watson, G. S.: "The evaluation and optimization of automatic speech segmentation", 701-704.
Feng, G. / Achab, N. / Combescure, R.: "On-line speech segmentation using adaptive models: application to variable rate speech coding", 705-708.
Taylor, P. A. / Isard, Stephen D.: "Automatic diphone segmentation", 709-711.
Ottesen, Georg E.: "An automatic diphone segmentation system", 713-716.
Brierton, R. A. / Cheetham, B. M. G.: "An evaluation oof spectral transitivity functions for speech segmentation in variable frame-rate speech vocoding", 717-720.
Compernolle, Dirk Van / Smolders, J. / Jaspers, P. / Hellemans, T.: "Speaker clustering for dialectic robustness in speaker independent recognition", 723-726.
Yashchin, Dina / Ortel, William C. G.: "Experience with speech recognition in automating telephone operator functions", 727-730.
Canavesio, F. / Fissore, Lorenzo / Oreglia, M. / Ruscitti, P.: "HMM modeling in the public telephone network environment: experiments and results", 731-734.
Morin, Dominique: "Influence of field data in HMM training for a vocal server", 735-738.
Ciaramella, A. / Fissore, Lorenzo / Pacchiotti, A. / Pacifici, R.: "An isolated word speech recognizer prototype for mobile-radio applications", 739-742.
Monaghan, James / Cheepen, Christine: "Linguistic modelling for a speech interface in the office context", 745-748.
Carlo, Andrea Di / Falcone, Rino: "Ill-formedness problem in the spoken language processing", 749-752.
Maltese, Giulio / Mancini, Federico: "A technique to automatically assign parts-of-speech to words taking into account word-ending information through a probabilistic model", 753-756.
Pelillo, Marcello / Refice, Mario: "Syntactic category disambiguation through relaxation processes", 757-760.
Wrigley, E. N. / Wright, J. H.: "Computational requirements of probabilistic LR parsing for speech recognition using a natural language grammar", 761-764.
Tiboni, J. / Perennon, G.: "Phonotypical transcription through the GEPH expert system", 767-770.
Williams, Briony / Maier, Franziska: "A spelling corrector for use in text-to-speech synthesis for English", 771-774.
Russi, Thomas: "Robust and efficient parsing for applications such as text-to-speech conversion", 775-778.
Luk, Robert W. P. / Damper, Robert I.: "Stochastic transduction for English text-to-phoneme conversion", 779-782.
Hwang, M. Y. / Huang, X. D.: "Acoustic distribution clustering in phonetic hidden Markov models", 785-788.
Blomberg, M.: "Modelling articulatory inter-timing variation in a speech recognition system based on synthetic references", 789-792.
Torkkola, Kari / Kokkonen, Mikko / Kurimo, Mikko / Utela, Pekka: "Improving short-time speech frame recognition results by using context", 793-796.
Rentzepopoulos, P. A. / Kokkinakis, George K.: "Phoneme to grapheme conversion using HMM", 797-800.
Parfitt, S. H. / Sharman, R. A.: "A bi-directional model of English pronunciation", 801-804.
Goodine, David / Seneff, Stephanie / Hirschman, Lynette / Phillips, Michael: "Full integration of speech and language understanding in the MIT spoken language system", 845-848.
Yamaoka, Takayuki / Iida, Hitoshi: "Dialogue interpretation model and its application to next utterance prediction for spoken language processing", 849-852.
Boogers, W.: "Dialogue construction by compilation", 853-856.
Nogaito, Izuru / Takahashi, Masahiko / Kuroiwa, Shingo / Yato, Fumihiro: "Dialogue management in an extension number guidance system", 857-860.
Segarra, Encarna / Garcia, Pedro: "Automatic learning of acoustic and syntactic-semantic levels in continuous speech understanding", 861-864.
Baggia, Paolo / Ciaramella, A. / Clementino, D. / Fissore, Lorenzo / Gerbino, E. / Giachin, Egidio P. / Micca, G. / Nebbia, L. / Pacifici, R. / Pirani, G. / Rullent, C.: "A man-machine dialogue system for speech access to e-mail information using the telephone: implementation and first results", 865-868.
Bezooijen, Renee van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Performance of text-to-speech conversion for dutch: a comparative evaluation of allophone and diphone based synthesis at the level of the segment, the word, and the paragraph", 871-874.
Benoît, Christian / Emerard, Francoise / Schnabel, Betina / Tseva, A.: "Quality comparisons of prosodic and of acoustic components of various synthesisers", 875-878.
Griee, Martine / Vagges, Kiki / Hirst, Daniel: "Assessment of intonation in text-to-speech synthesis systems - a pilot test in English and Italian", 879-882.
Monaghan, Alex I. C.: "Evaluation of the naturalness of prosody generated by the CSTR TTS system", 883-886.
Halka, Ulrich: "Speech-model processes for objective quality measurements of speech-coding systems", 887-890.
Euler, S.: "Adaptation techniques in tied density hidden Markov models", 919-922.
Jouvet, D. / Bartkova, K. / Monné, Jean: "On the modelization of allophones in an HMM based speech recognition system", 923-926.
Jouvet, D. / Mauuary, L. / Monné, Jean: "Automatic adjustments of the structure of Markov models for speech recognition applications", 927-930.
Leung, Hong C. / Hetherington, I. Lee / Zue, Victor W.: "Speech recognition using stochastic explicit-segment modeling", 931-934.
Dubois, D.: "Comparison of time-dependent acoustic features for a speaker-independent speech recognition system", 935-938.
Gauvain, Jean-Luc / Lee, Chin-Hui: "Bayesian learning for hidden Markov model with Gaussian mixture state observation densities", 939-942.
Ruehl, Hans-Wilhelm: "Voice controlled mail ordering via telephone using SPREIN", 945-948.
Dobler, Stefan / Armbruester, Werner / Meyer, Peter / Ruehl, Hans-Wilhelm: "A voice dialling device for mobile radio", 949-952.
Smaili, K. / Charpillet, F. / Pierrel, Jean-Marie / Haton, Jean-Paul: "A continuous speech recognition approach for the design of a dictation machine", 953-956.
Thomson, David L. / Wilpon, Jay G. / Sukkar, Rafid A. / Prezas, Dimitrios P.: "Automatic speech recognition in the Spanish telephone network", 957-960.
Billi, Roberto / Buttafava, P. / Stefani, P. De / Gamba, M. / Voltolini, D.: "Computer-aided, voice-based, medical report preparation: an application to radiology", 961-964.
Carlos, Filipe N. / Carmona, Jose P. / Chagas, Pedro M. / Oliveira, Luis C. / Serralheiro, Antonio J. / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "A recognition / synthesis system applied to database access through the telephone network", 965-968.
Helle, Seppo: "An experiment in using a hypertext system in phonetics and speech processing education", 969-972.
Antoniol, G. / Brugnara, F. / Palma, F. Dalla / Lazzari, G. / Moser, E.: "A. RE. s. : an interface for automatic reporting by speech", 973-976.
Schultheiß, U. / Lochschmidt, B.: "COGNITO - an experimental voice-controlled telecommunication system", 977-980.
Bernstein, Jared / Rtischev, Dimitry: "A voice interactive language instruction system", 981-984.
Rooney, Edmund / Hiller, Steven / Laver, John / Benedetto, Maria-Gabriella Di: "Macro and micro features for automated pronunciation improvement in the spell system", 985-988.
Devillers, Laurence / Dugast, Christian: "Comparison of continuous mixture densities and TDNN in a viterbi-framework: experiments on speaker dependent DARPA RM1+", 991-994.
Thurston, Peter / Norris, Dennis: "A comparison of two compression functions used for noisy vowel detection with back-propagation networks", 995-998.
Ferreiros, J. / Castro, A. / Pardo, J. M.: "Comparison between two different approaches in speaker - independent isolated digit recognition", 999-1002.
Poirier, Franck: "DVQ: dynamic vector quantization application to speech processing", 1003-1006.
Bengio, Yoshua / Mori, Renato De / Flammia, Giovanni / Kompe, Ralf: "A comparative study on hybrid acoustic phonetic decoders based on artificial neural networks", 1007-1010.
Sawai, Hidefumi / Nakamura, Satoru: "Time-delay neural network architectures for high-performance speaker-independent recognition", 1011-1014.
Wittenburg, P. / Couwenberg, R.: "Recurrent neural nets as building blocks for human word recognition", 1015-1018.
Mekuria, Fisseha / FjÖllbrant, Tore: "A neural net model for vector quantization", 1019-1022.
Russell, N. H. / Fallside, Frank / Robinson, A. J. / Prager, R. W.: "Lexical access using a recurrent error propagation network", 1023-1026.
Brauer, Peter / Hedelin, Per / Huber, Dieter / Knagenhjelm, Petter / Molno, Johan: "Model or non-model based classifiers", 1027-1030.
Aliosaar, Toomas / Karjalainen, Matti: "Event-based recognition and analysis of speech by neural networks", 1031-1034.
Jelinek, Frederick: "Up from trigrams! - the struggle for improved language models", 1037-1040.
Carlson, Rolf: "Synthesis: modelling variability and constraints", 1043-1048.
Guyomard, M. / Siroux, J. / Cozannet, A.: "The role of dialogue in speech recognition the case of the yellow", 1051-1054.
Gerbino, E. / Baggia, Paolo: "Interpretation of context-dependent utterances in man-machine dialogue", 1055-1058.
Eggins, S. / Vonwiller, Julie P. / Matthiessen, C. M. I. / Sefton, P.: "The description of minor clauses in information-seeking telephone dialogues", 1059-1062.
Roe, David B. / Pereira, Fernando / Sproat, Richard W. / Riley, Michael D. / Moreno, Pedro J. / Macarron, Alejandro: "Toward a spoken language translator for restricted-domain context-free languages", 1063-1066.
Subramaniam, N. Venkata / Alwar, N. / Mallikarjuna, G. / Rao, P. Prabhakar / Raman, S.: "Bidirectional machine translation in indian languages", 1067-1070.
Papaodysseus, C. / Koukoutsis, E. / Triantafyllou, C. / Vasilatos, C.: "Exact monitoring of the numerical error in various speech algorithms", 1073-1076.
Koreman, Jacques / Cranen, Bert / Boves, Louis: "Automatic computation and comparison of dynamically varying voice source parameters", 1077-1080.
Alku, Paavo: "Glottal wave analysis with pitch synchronous iterative adaptive inverse filtering", 1081-1084.
Galas, Thieny / Rodet, Xavier: "Generalized functional approximation for source-filter system modeling", 1085-1088.
Bimbot, Frederic / Atal, Bishnu S.: "An evaluation of temporal decomposition", 1089-1092.
Zünkler, Klaus: "A discriminative recognizer for isolated and continuous speech using statistical separability measures", 1095-1098.
Schmidbauer, O. / Höge, H.: "Speaker adaptation based on articulatory features", 1099-1102.
Brugnara, F. / Mori, Renato De / Giuliani, D. / Omologo, M.: "A parallel HMM approach to speech recognition", 1103-1106.
Nitta, Tsuneo / Iwasaki, Jun'ichi / Matsu'ura, Hiroshi: "Speaker independent word recognition using HMMs with an orthogonalized phonetic segment codebook", 1107-1110.
Fung, Pascale / Kawahara, Tatsuya / Doshita, Shuji: "Unsupervised speaker normalization by speaker Markov model converter for speaker-independent speech recognition", 1111-1114.
Son, Rob J. J. H. van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "The influence of formant track shape on the perception of synthetic vowels", 1117-1120.
Howard-Jones, P. A.: "Fluctuation of noise background: measurement and significance in relation to speech masking", 1121-1124.
Ma, C. / Willems, L. F.: "The audibility of narrow band noise in fiat spectral complex sounds", 1125-1128.
Laan, Gitta P. M. / Bergem, Dick R. van / Beinum, Fiorien J. Koopmans-van: "The importance of spectral quality of vowels for the intelligibility of sentences", 1129-1132.
Steeneken, Herman J. M. / Houtgast, Tammo: "On the mutual dependency of octave-band-specific contributions to speech intelligibility", 1133-1136.
Ooyen, Brit van / Cutler, Anne / Norris, Dennis: "Detection times for vowels versus consonants", 1451-1454.
Bergem, Dick R. van: "The influence of sentence accent, word stress, and word class on the quality of vowels", 1455-1458.
Beinum, Florien J. Koopmans-van: "A peak-and-level model for focus words in read and spontaneous natural speech and in synthetic speech", 1459-1462.
Ingram, J. / Pittam, J.: "Connected speech processes in second language learning", 1463-1466.
Potapova, Rodmonga K.: "Modification of acoustic features in Russian connected speech", 1141-1144.
Strik, Helmer / Boves, Louis: "On the relation between voice source characteristics and prosody", 1145-1148.
Stensby, Sverre: "Prosody in a rule-based norwegian text-to-speech system", 1149-1152.
Madhukumar, A. S. / Rajendran, S. / Sekhar, C. Chandra / Yegnanarayana, B.: "Synthesizing intonation for speech in hindi", 1153-1156.
Hieronymus, James L. / Williams, Briony J.: "An investigation of the relation between perceived pitch accent and automatically-located accent in british English", 1157-1160.
Quazza, S.: "Modelling Italian intonation in a text-to-speech system", 1161-1164.
O'Malley, Michael H. / Resnick, Howard / Caisse, Michelle: "An analysis of strategies for finding prosodic clues in text", 1165-1168.
Balestri, Marcello: "A coded dictionary for stress assignment rules in Italian", 1169-1172.
Lindert, Enrico te / Leeuwen, Hugo C. van: "Speech maker: text-to-speech conversion based on a multi-level, synchronized data structure", 1231-1234.
Lewis, E. / Tatham, Mark A. A.: "A new text-to-speech synthesis system", 1235-1238.
Oliveira, Luis C. / Viana, M. Ceu / Trancoso, Isabel M.: "DIXI - portuguese text-to-speech system", 1239-1242.
Hansen, P. Molbaek / Petersen, N. Reinholt / Rischel, J. / Henriksen, C.: "Higher-level linguistic information in a text-to-speech system for danish", 1243-1246.
Olaszy, Gabor: "Adaptation of the multivox text-to-speech system to Italian", 1247-1250.
Niyogi, Partha / Zue, Victor W.: "Correlation analysis of vowels and their application to speech recognition", 1253-1256.
Holmes, John N.: "Use of phonetic knowledge when designing and training stochastic models for speech recognition", 1257-1260.
Kaspar, B. / Schuhmacher, K.: "Modelling phones by microsegments in a phonetically oriented recognition system", 1261-1264.
Kim, Il K. / Lee, H. S.: "An extended LVQ2 algorithm and its application to phoneme classification", 1265-1268.
Dix, P. J. / Vernooij, G. J. / Bloothooft, G.: "A hierarchical broad phonetic classification scheme", 1269-1272.
Hirschberg, Julia: "Using text analysis to predict intonational boundaries", 1275-1278.
Horne, Merle: "Why do speakers accent 'given' information ?", 1279-1282.
Vonwiller, Julie P. / King, R. W. / Lloyd, R. W. T.: "Automatic prosody assignment for interactive synthesized dialogue systems", 1283-1286.
NickYoud, NickYoud / House, Jill: "Generating intonation in a voice dialogue system", 1287-1290.
Delmonte, Rodolfo / Dolci, Roberto: "Computing linguistic knowledge for text-to-speech systems with PROSO", 1291-1294.
Acker, C. / Vary, Peter / Ostendarp, H.: "Acoustic echo cancellation using prediction residual signals", 1297-1300.
Dabis, H. S. / Wrench, Alan A.: "An evaluation of adaptive noise cancelling for speech recognition", 1301-1304.
Mumolo, Enzo / Riccio, Antonello / Abbattista, Giuseppe: "An efficient algorithm for real-time voiced/unvoiced decision", 1305-1308.
Aarset, Tim / Gold, Ben: "Models of pitch perception", 1309-1312.
Corney, P. / Mason, J. S.: "A new perspective on LPC excitation using singular value decomposition", 1315-1318.
Verhelst, Werner / Borger, Marcel: "Intra-speaker transplantation of speech characteristics an application of waveform vocoding techniques and DTW", 1319-1322.
Leung, S. H. / Wong, O. Y. / Lai, K. L.: "Decomposition of the LPC excitation using wavelet functions", 1327-1330.
Ambikairajah, Eliathamby / Kilmartin, Liam: "An adaptive cochlear model for speech recognition", 1331-1334.
Jacovitti, Gianni / Pierucci, Piero / Falaschi, Alessandro: "Speech segmentation and classification using higher order moments", 1335-1338.
Ciaramella, A. / Clementino, D. / Pacifici, R.: "A PC-housed speaker independent large vocabulary continuous telephonic speech recognizer", 1341-1344.
Aktas, Abdulmesih / Zünkler, Klaus: "Speaker independent continuous HMM-based recognition of isolated words on a real-time multi-DSP system", 1345-1348.
Tsopanoglou, A. / Kyriakis-Bitzaros, E. D. / Mourjopoulos, J. / Kokkinakis, George K.: "A real time speech decoder using instantaneous frequency and energy", 1349-1352.
Schultheiß, M. / Lacroix, A.: "Fast hardware for efficient parallel processing of speech signals", 1353-1356.
Sedivy, Jan / Filcev, Jiff / Uhlir, Jan / Vanek, Tomas / , Vaclav Hanzl, Zdenek Oliva, Petr Kotek / Hanzl, Vaclav / Oliva, Zdenek / Kotek, Petr: "The one chip speech recognition system", 1357-1631.
Villarrubia, L. / Poza, M. J. / Crespo, C.: "Influence of the telephone line on automatic speech recognition", 1363-1366.
Hermansky, Hynek / Morgan, Nelson / Bayya, Aruna / Kohn, Phil: "Compensation for the effect of the communication channel in auditory-like analysis of speech (RASTA-PLP)", 1367-1370.
Junqua, Jean-Claude / Reaves, Ben / Mak, Brian: "A study of endpoint detection algorithms in adverse conditions: incidence on a DTW and HMM recognizer", 1371-1374.
Dvorak, Susanne / Hormann, Thomas: "High-performance speech recognition in noise by continuously updated reference templates", 1375-1378.
Vicsi, Klara: "Speech enhancement in the case of speech recognizers", 1379-1381.
Gomez-Mena, Juan / Santos-Suarez, J. / Garcia-Gomez, Ramón: "A robust feature extraction method for automatic speech recognition in noisy environments", 1383-1386.
Fissore, Lorenzo / Giachin, Egidio P. / Laface, P. / Micca, G.: "Selection of speech units for a speaker-independent CSR task", 1389-1392.
Giachin, Egidio P. / Lee, Chin-Hui / Rabiner, Lawrence R. / Rosenberg, Aaron E. / Pieraccini, Roberto: "Word juncture modeling using inter-word context-dependent phone-like units", 1393-1396.
Nagai, Akito / Sagayama, Shigeki / Kita, Kenji: "Phoneme-context-dependent LR parsing algorithms for HMM-based continuous speech recognition", 1397-1400.
Drexler, H. / Roddeman, R. / Boves, Louis / Strik, Helmer: "Optimizing lexical fast search in a large vocabulary isolated word speech recognition system", 1401-1404.
Fjällbrant, Tore / Mekuria, Fisseha: "Signal processing using an auditory filter bank with side-lobes and phase-jumps", 1429-1431.
Dijk, J. S. C. van: "Notes on auditive coding of sophisticated signals", 1433-1436.
Beham, Manfred: "An auditorily based spectral transformation of speech signals", 1437-1440.
Morris, Andrew C. / Escudier, Pierre / Schwartz, Jean-Luc: "On and off units detect information bottle-necks for speech recognition", 1441-1444.
Pozas-Alvarez, Jose A.: "A new logic operator-based auditory system model", 1445-1448.
Peckham, Jeremy: "Speech understanding and dialogue over the telephone: an overview of progress in the sundial project", 1469-1472.
Tubach, Jean-Pierre / Doignon, P.: "A system for natural spoken language queries design, implementation and assessment", 1473-1476.
Deville, G. / Mousel, P.: "Operational validation of syntactic-semantic models in a spoken man-machine dialogue system", 1477-1480.
Gaiffe, B. / Romary, L. / Pierrel, Jean-Marie: "References in a multimodal dialogue: towards a unified processing", 1481-1485.
Lefebvre, P. / Duncan, G. / Poirier, F.: "The user-unix dialogue: a novel integrated approach to enhancing the operating system interface", 1487-1490.
Arndt, Bodo: "Adoption op verbal and visual dialogue behaviour in document handling systems", 1491-1494.
Smeele, P. M. T. / Sittig, A. C.: "The contribution of vision to speech perception", 1495-1497.
Lickley, R. J. / Shillcock, R. C. / Bard, E. G.: "Processing disfluent speech: how and when are disfluencies found?", 1499-1502.
Chointere, A. / Robert, J.-M. / Descout, Raymond: "Building a user interface for a speech recognition-based telephone application system", 1503-1506.
Murray, A. C. / Frankish, C. R. / Jones, D. M.: "System design and human factors in auditory interfaces", 1507-1510.