5th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology

Rhodes, Greece
September 22-25, 1997

Segmental and Suprasegmental Contributions to Spoken-Word Recognition in Dutch

Mariette Koster, Anne Cutler

Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Words can be distinguished by segmental differences or by suprasegmental differences or both. Studies from English suggest that suprasegmentals play little role in human spoken-word recognition; English stress, however, is nearly always unambiguously coded in segmental structure (vowel quality); this relationship is less close in Dutch. The present study directly compared the effects of segmental and suprasegmental mispronunciation on word recognition in Dutch. There was a strong effect of suprasegmental mispronunciation, suggesting that Dutch listeners do exploit suprasegmental information in word recognition. Previous findings indicating the effects of mis-stressing for Dutch differ with stress position were replicated only when segmental change was involved, suggesting that this is an effect of segmental rather than suprasegmental processing.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Koster, Mariette / Cutler, Anne (1997): "Segmental and suprasegmental contributions to spoken-word recognition in dutch", In EUROSPEECH-1997, 2167-2170.