EUROSPEECH 2001 Scandinavia
7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology

Aalborg, Denmark
September 3-7, 2001


Spectral Tilt as a Perturbation-free Measurement of Noise Levels in Voice Signals

Peter J. Murphy

University of Limerick, Ireland

Acoustic analysis of voice quality proves useful in the objective assessment of voice disorders and for motivating new components for use in improving voice synthesis. A commonly used quantitative spectral index is the harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR), which gives gross information regarding speech signal periodicity. However, as the measure is sensitive to all forms of waveform aperiodicities (not simply the additive random noise component of turbulent origin), it lacks specificity. Furthermore, the HNR of the radiated speech waveform has a fundamental frequency (f0) -dependence, increasing with fundamental frequency (for equal noise levels of the glottal source). Two spectral tilt measurements are applied to synthetically generated, aperiodic voice signals to investigate their sensitivity to the various forms of aperiodicity. The tilt measures are found to provide perturbation- (jitter and shimmer) free measures of noise levels in speech signals. However, for radiated speech waveforms the tilt measurements are strongly f0- dependent.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Murphy, Peter J. (2001): "Spectral tilt as a perturbation-free measurement of noise levels in voice signals", In EUROSPEECH-2001, 1495-1498.